"The dog is sitting on the table."

Translation:कुत्ता मेज़ पर बैठा है।

August 7, 2018

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How come you teach रहना in the 'tips and notes' section, but it does not allow for it in some of the sentences? It was never explained that we could also conjugate the way you have in this sentence with बैठा to also give the continuous tense. What's the difference between the two and why is रहना sometimes needed and at other times not?


As someone explained for another sentence where a similar issue came up, some verbs in Hindi just can't be continuous, and बैठना is one of them. For example, in English you wouldn't say "I am being hungry", you would just say "I am hungry". In Hindi hunger is expressed in the continuous form: "मुझे भूख लग रही है". On the other hand, while we can say "I am sitting", this sounds unatural to a Hindi speaker, who would just say मैं बैठा हूँ (I sit). Unfortunately these are things you just need to learn and retain. There is no real logic per se.


The elements like जा रहा / चल रहा has the general sense of having remained in, being engaged in the action.

Some English expressions of present participial -ing form refer to present state as much as to continued action, e.g. to be sitting, lying, etc. These have as Hindi equivalents not continuous present forms but perfective participles of verbs denoting assumption of the given state, plus present tense forms of होना.

So, I am sitting. has the Hindi equivalent मैं बैठा हूँ। and I sit. has मैं बैठता हूँ।


And even more annoying: Why is the "Tips" button missing in the app version? It took me weeks to see that the website explains it all, after blindly guessing so much on my smartphone.


Please, how do you write with davanagari characters,? i am french and i have this problem... thanks for your answer.


On your smartphone, you can simply add another keyboard. But also on your Windows PC, it is possible to install "Hindi (phonetic)" as an input language. It takes some practise (I'm also still figuring out how to do it), but you get used to it. Simply type it as you would write in Latin characters, and it will suggest some Devanagari transliterations. Now you only have to select the right one from the list...


Hi Stefan!

I dont know why you are downvoted. But you are right.

BTW Happy Learning!!


Which key combination to use to type कुत्ता?


It depends on the keyboard you are using.

But if you're confused about त्त, it is the conjunct of त with itself.
So, कुत्ता = क+ु +त+ ् +त+ ा


Thank you so much.


Can some one plz explain why my ans "Mej par kutta baitha hai" is wrong??


That is more along the lines of 'There is a dog sitting on the table'.

Generally, the subject comes first in Hindi sentences just like in English. When you switch word order, you introduce a subtle change in meaning. In this case, putting the 'mez par' before the subject 'kutta' works to shift emphasis from it, similar to the expletive construction 'there is' in English.
This kind of shift in word order is also used to clarify definiteness. By which I mean that in 'कुत्ता मेज़ पर बैठा है', we could be talking about an indefinite 'a dog' or definite 'the dog'. However, in ''कुत्ता मेज़ पर बैठा है', it is only 'a dog'.


Because mej is non-living thing so it can not walk then it can't sit on dog but dog living thing so it can walk so it can sit on table that was a reason


And the ans: should be like this the dog is sitting on the table

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