List of two-letter Hungarian words

Every language has a few two-letter words, and since there are not so many varieties to build them, there are a lot of short words that exist in several languages with different meanings. As a native Hungarian speaker, I tried to enlist all two-letter words.

Ács: carpenter

Ág: branch, sector

Ah: poetic sigh

Ám: more poetic way of saying de

Ár: flood, price

Ás: dig

Ász: ace

Át: through (verb prefix or postposition)

Be: in (Where to?) (verb prefix)

Bő: loose

Bú: more poetic way of saying "gloom, sadness" than 'bánat'

Cső: tube, pipe

Eb: less used word for dog (kutya). Except some idioms and compound words, nowadays its use is somewhat archaic

Ép: intact

Edz: work out

Ég: sky, burn

Egy: a/an/one

Ej: archaic interjection used when frowning or being surprised

Éj: night, this word suggests closer to midnight than éjszaka

Ék: wedge

Él: to live, edge

El: verb prefix, I can't think of a similar English word

Én: I

Ér: reach, vein

És: and

Ész: mind, intellect

Ez: this

Év: year

Fa: tree

Gyí: interjection used when trying to make animals run

Hé: very rude way of addressing somebody

Hó: snow

Hő: heat

Hú, hű: interjection words used when being positively surprised. Informal way of praising sb. Hú can also be used to express being tired.

Így: like this

Íj: bow

Ily, oly: extinct way of saying something like this/that

Ím: old-fashioned conjuction word, has the same meaning as double point (:)

Íny: palate

Ír: write, Irish

Is: too, as well

Ív: arc

Íz: taste

Jé: surprise interjection

Jó: good

Jő: archaic version of jön (comes)

Ki: out (as a verb prefix), who?

Kő: rock, stone

Le: down (verb prefix)

Lé: juice (e.g. narancslé)

Ló: horse

Lő: shoot

Ma: today

Mi: what?, we

Mű: work of art, fake

Na: interjection used when urging

Ne: don't (imperative)

-né: suffix added to husband's name when referring to wife, only if that wife chose to be called like this

Ni: interjection, meaning 'Here it is!'

No: similar to na

Nő: woman, to grow

Nyű: worm (kukac, which is also the name of the @ symbol is used more often)

Ok: cause, reason

Ól: barn, hutch

Ón: tin

Óv: defend (stronger meaning than véd)

Óz or Oz: wizard Oz

Öcs: younger brother, also a village in Veszprém county

Ők: they

Öl: kill; lap; an extinct measurement

Ön: formal you pronoun

Őr: guard, a village's name

Ős: ancestor, ancient

Ősz: grey (hair), autumn

Öt: five

Őt: accusative singular 3rd person pronoun

Öv: belt

Őz: roe

Pí: pi

Pó: river Po

Rá: on him/on her/on it

Rí: to cry for some reason which is not worth crying, this word is mainly used by older people in the countryside

Ró: ride in some contexts, e.g. rója a köröket = goes round and round and round.

Se: don't either (imperative)

Sé: village in Vas county

Sí: ski

Só: salt

Szó: word

Sző: weave

Szú: suu

Szű (more often szügy): horse's chest

Te: informal you

Ti: informal plural you

Tó: lake, pond

Tű: needle

Úgy: like that

Ük: family prefix (great-great grand), the prefixes for ancestors are in order: édes, nagy (grand), déd, ük, szép, ős, jobb.

Ül: sit

Un (valamit): be bored of sth (being bored is unatkozik)

Úr: title used to men, e.g. professzor úr is commonly used towards university teachers, surname+úr is Mr. surname

Űr: space, emptiness

Üt: to hit

Űz: elűz - chase away, also used in some expressions like 'milyen sportot űz' (what sports does he do)

Vő (often vej): son-in-law

Some Greek letters also have two-letter Hungarian names: nű, pí, ró.

August 8, 2018


[deactivated user]

    Two more: agy (brain) and ágy (bed).

    August 8, 2018

    How come so many two letter words have three letters? :)

    August 8, 2018

    [deactivated user]

      Because the letters cs, dz, gy, ly, ny, sz, ty and zs – as well as the three-letter dzs – are separate letters in the Hungarian alphabet.

      August 8, 2018

      So on a Hungarian keyboard they each have a key for themselves, and in Scrabble they have one tile each? Otherwise I don't understand why people call them 'letter', or is it just that the translation of the word 'letter' is what makes it confusing? I mean you even say above that the three-letter dzs is one letter, so it's 3 and 1 at the same time which seems contradictory, so I'm just wondering if maybe in Hungarian there are two words for 'letter'? I just can't get my head around it... :) For an explanation, I'm German and we have 26 letters, we don't even count ß as a separate letter (or ä, ö, ü), let alone sch or ch or others which have a distinct sound. I'm just trying to understand the logic behind it. :)

      August 9, 2018

      That is a hungarian speciality. I made some thoughts about that (in German) many years ago.

      After all the Finns added å, ä and ö to their alphabet at the end. In the dictionnaries you find words with these initial letters at the end. So å-words come after z-words.

      August 10, 2018

      In Scrabble they have separate tiles, but no distinct keys on the keyboard.

      I don't agree with Windrammer. Digraphs are like ie or ch in German. These are letters, they're a distinct chapter in dictionaries, this means you will find any word with zs later than zulu in a Hungarian dictionary.

      August 10, 2018

      [deactivated user]

        There are 44 letters in the hungarian alphabet. In this context, we call them betű (betűk in plural).

        One betű can be egyjegyű / kétjegyű / háromjegyű, which means that a letter can consist of one, two or three characters. Here, jegyű means character, basically.

        In Scrabble, we use letters, but on the keyboard, there are characters, which means you have to type in two or three characters to get a 'kétjegyű vagy háromjegyű' letter.

        August 14, 2018

        Thanks everyone for the explanation! So I now understand that 'betű' is not really the same definition as 'letter' or 'character' in English which is why I found it confusing. I guess I was thinking of it more in terms of how many different symbols would someone Greek or Russian need to learn to write Hungarian for instance. :)

        August 28, 2018

        They're digraphs, not single letters but considered so when in conjunction with the Hungarian alphabet.

        August 9, 2018

        Are you sure? Even in school I was taught that the word dzsúsz is three letters but six characters. I think a digraph is like English sh.

        August 10, 2018

        They are single letters (betű) in Hungarian. They have their own names and entries in the dictionary ("s" is esh while "sz" is ess).

        August 17, 2018

        What about 'az'?

        August 9, 2018

        Igazad van :-)

        az - definite article and az - that

        August 9, 2018

        And there is still some more beside those two, perceptivity mentioned:

        tő - root

        fő - prime, leading, to boil

        fű - grass

        hű - You already mentioned it above, but it has also the meaning of true, loyal, faithful.

        If you count the suffixes as well:

        -ba / -be - in, into (Where to?) -ra / -re - on, onto (Where to?) -on / -en /-ön - on (Where?) -vá / - vé - Suffix for transforming/translating processes

        August 9, 2018

        Thanks. I didn't count suffixes, but if we do, - ka - ke y (for nicknames) and - ít (causitive for adjectives) also works.

        August 10, 2018

        Where is "de" (but)?

        August 24, 2018


        August 26, 2018
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