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Duolingo tlhIngan Hol "Tinycard"'s (+ Memrise)

UPDATE (2020/7/10): @thiagomato11 has transformed all of my "Duolingo Klingon" Decks into a Memrise course, available here:


jupwI' / My friends,

For the past several months, starting from the early days of the Duolingo Klingon course, I have been creating decks of Tinycards while proceeding through the lessons. Personally, I have found the cards very useful in remembering the largely unfamiliar vocabulary, and since they seem to have been attracting other users (over 300 at last count), others are apparently finding them useful as well.

Now that I am fast approaching the end of the course, I think that this project has reached a sufficiently advanced stage for an announcement here in the Klingon forum and a list of links to the various decks for anyone interested in trying them out (or using them as a base to create their own decks).

I have tried to respect certain design principles -- mostly to minimise typing. Each set is around 50 cards, which I have found to be a good length. Klingon verbs which correspond to English verbs (as opposed to English adjectives) are generally presented in their third-person singular form (so Sup is presented as "jumps"). Inflected forms are generally left out, so I include vong (hypnotises) but exclude vongwI' (hypnotist). Proper nouns or Klingon-specific words with no English equivalent (like wo'rIv or sargh) are excluded. Each word is assigned one meaning, typically the one that appears most often in Duolingo; I don't put multiple meanings on a single card separated by commas, slashes or parentheses. Words with multiple, completely different meanings that appear in the same Duolingo unit (like SoQ, which means "a speech" or "to be closed"), are excluded.

So here are decks:

Duolingo Klingon 1 (Rows 1-3): https://tiny.cards/decks/6eX72zzZ/duolingo-klingon-1
Duolingo Klingon 2 (Rows 4-5): https://tiny.cards/decks/6fDLEu6e/duolingo-klingon-2

First Checkpoint

Duolingo Klingon 3 (Row 6):
Duolingo Klingon 4 (Rows 7-9): https://tiny.cards/decks/6isuTwh4/duolingo-klingon-4
Duolingo Klingon 5 (Row 10): https://tiny.cards/decks/6pnA7riC/duolingo-klingon-5

Second Checkpoint

Duolingo Klingon 6 (Row 11): https://tiny.cards/decks/6t1n5NTK/duolingo-klingon-6
Duolingo Klingon 7 (Row 12 + the "Family" Unit in Row 13): https://tiny.cards/decks/6wAVisgq/duolingo-klingon-7
Duolingo Klingon 8 (Remainder of Row 13): https://tiny.cards/decks/6zV88qdk/duolingo-klingon-8
Duolingo Klingon 9 (Rows 14-16): https://tiny.cards/decks/7StmB1t2/duolingo-klingon-9
Duolingo Klingon 10 (Row 17): https://tiny.cards/decks/7XcaeWab/duolingo-klingon-10

Third Checkpoint

Duolingo Klingon 11 (Rows 18-19): https://tiny.cards/decks/7ipAuMKP/duolingo-klingon-11
Duolingo Klingon 12 (Row 20): https://tiny.cards/decks/7qMQJZeD/duolingo-klingon-12
Duolingo Klingon 13 (Row 21): https://tiny.cards/decks/8KDZFS2E/duolingo-klingon-13
Duolingo Klingon 14 (Rows 22-23): https://tiny.cards/decks/8VeoHUHV/duolingo-klingon-14
Duolingo Klingon 15 (Rows 24-25): https://tiny.cards/decks/8aERcWp1/duolingo-klingon-15

Final Checkpoint (Deck 15 actually straddles the checkpoint)

Duolingo Klingon 16 (Rows 26-28): https://tiny.cards/decks/9F5hs8Xu/duolingo-klingon-16
Duolingo Klingon 17 (Rows 29-31): https://tiny.cards/decks/9KsoGb2f/duolingo-klingon-17
Duolingo Klingon 18 (Rows 32-34): https://tiny.cards/decks/9PwaPjK8/duolingo-klingon-18
Duolingo Klingon 19 (Rows 35-36): https://tiny.cards/decks/9Zdeb9R1/duolingo-klingon-19

I also created an additional deck to drill the verb prefixes, all based on the verb yaj:

Duolingo Klingon - Verb Prefixes: https://tiny.cards/decks/6fFfF6KM/duolingo-klingon-verb-prefixes

My decks do not include the numbers 0-10, since another user has created a deck devoted to them which I used and found effective:

Klingon Numbers 0-10: https://tiny.cards/decks/4CNDTV2/klingon-numbers-0-10

Update (2019/11/17): New Decks for Klingon Proverbs

As part of my preparation for the Level III KLI exam, I have created six new sets of cards that review all the proverbs in The Klingon Way. Each set has between 25-30 proverbs.

TKW Klingon Proverbs 1 (pp 1-34): https://tiny.cards/decks/PNPqg3Ck/tkw-klingon-proverbs-1
TKW Klingon Proverbs 2 (pp 35-63): https://tiny.cards/decks/PQ6igqGR/tkw-klingon-proverbs-2
TKW Klingon Proverbs 3 (pp 65-97): https://tiny.cards/decks/PQTK9Ez2/tkw-klingon-proverbs-3
TKW Klingon Proverbs 4 (pp 99-139): https://tiny.cards/decks/PQwJSnkJ/tkw-klingon-proverbs-4
TKW Klingon Proverbs 5 (pp 141-179): https://tiny.cards/decks/PRMexxHr/tkw-klingon-proverbs-5
TKW Klingon Proverbs 6 (pp 181-213): https://tiny.cards/decks/PpvYNUu6/tkw-klingon-proverbs-6

Update (2019/11/29): New Deck for Klingon Idioms

The syllabus for the Level III KLI exam also includes Klingon for the Galactic Traveler:

KGT Klingon Idioms (pp 105-127): https://tiny.cards/decks/PuBvNjoD/kgt-klingon-idioms

Update (2019/12/22): New Deck for Klingon Similes

KGT Klingon Similes (pp 127-133): https://tiny.cards/decks/4c93eaa7-abf9-44bb-95d2-8fb3138fe6af. The deck is a bit different from the others in that one side just includes the English adjective (e.g., "greedy") and the other side includes the full Klingon simile for that adjective (i.e., qur, verengan rur, literally "greedy as a Ferengi".).

pe'vIl tIlo'!


August 11, 2018



I have a question about creating decks in Tinycards. I'm thinking of building as many decks as possible that use pictures instead of English, in order to study with my niece, who's a very visual learner. Do you know if it's possible to build new decks based on existing ones (e.g., with your permission, the decks you've built based on Duolingo lessons)? Or is it better to start from scratch?

Also, it looks like your idiom decks are finalized? If so, I'll update the "External Resources" post to reflect that. Thank you again for all the hard work you put into this fantastic study aid.


Hi Tortitudette,

There is a feature in Tinycards that allows you to copy a deck of cards, so yes, you can just copy any of my decks and adapt them. You don't need my permission; in fact, I invite people to do this in my posting above. The more good content there is out there to learn our favourite language, the better!

And yes, the "Idiom" decks are finalised. I have also created a new set on the similes in KGT (https://tiny.cards/decks/4c93eaa7-abf9-44bb-95d2-8fb3138fe6af), although this one is somewhat different than the others in that one side has simply the English adjective (like cold), and the other side has the full Klingon simile (bIr, bortaS rur). I am not sure if it is a pattern that suits everyone.

pe'vIl yIHaD! Qapla' batlh je!


Oh that's fantastic -- though I'm a bit embarrassed at how long I searched the Tinycard help section only to come up empty on that question, not to mention missing it in your post. Thank you!


Actually, with sincere apologies for the hassle, would you mind checking to see if the copy function still works the next time you're editing your decks?

I believe based on posts in the Troubleshooting forum that it's been disabled, but given my capacity to overlook the obvious and the fluid nature of Duolingo support, I figured I should double check.


You seem to be right; the copy feature is gone -- a fact noted some time back in the Troubleshooting forum.

It is certainly disappointing that Duolingo has removed the feature, apparently without notice or explanation. However, it is a free service and I guess they can do things like that. We will have to make like the Borg and adapt.


Very good, thank you very much for double checking -- this wouldn't have been the first time I'd been led astray by an out of date troubleshooting post.

It turns out that having your cards open in a separate window is pretty convenient and fast anyway, as the time commitment is in finding, downloading, and labeling the pictures. Thank you again!


Sad news about these wonderful decks. Michael, do let us know if you will be exporting these decks and making them available somewhere or if they will simply be gone.


Qu'vatlh! toH....qaSpa' jar Hut, 'echletHom lellaH chenmoHwI' 'e' maq Duolingo. vIchoq 'e' vInIDbej.


qabqu’ De’ chu‘vam. Qu’lIjmo’, qaquv

Edit to correct my Klingon based on Michael’s lecture this morning (thank you, Michael, for the wonderful instruction!). In order to say I honor you, I need to include the -moH, or cause, suffix. So: qabqu’ De’ chu‘vam. Qu’lIjmo’, qaquvmoH

I’ve never used it, but recently a Reddit user mentioned that Anki can be a helpful flashcard program. I hope all of your tremendous effort and contributions can be preserved without too much difficulty.


'e' vItul jIH je! Qapla' batlh je!


I’m sure you know this, but just in case — apparently as the decks‘ creator you will be able to download .csvs that encompass all of your hard substantive work (until the Tinycards site is disabled). Have you by any chance done so? It’ll of course be no small programming task to transfer them to another platform, but I imagine that the content is more than half of that particular battle.


I have attempted to do so, but thus far unsuccessfully. I have opened a ticket with Duo technical support.

I'll keep everyone posted.



belHa'moHqu' De'chu'vam. QaHwI' bIH 'echletHommeyvam'e'. chenmoHwI'chaj vItlho'.


Your Klingon is excellent and you have communicated well. I did not notice any grammatical errors. Though in this learning environment, I would like to make one small comment on style. It would be much more direct (and thus, theoretically, much more Klingon) to say QaH 'echletHommeyvam.


muquvmoH qeSDlIj! I am grateful both for the kind words and for the guidance to make my thinking more appropriately Klingon.


Mike. It's a fantastic learning experience that you've created. I've only done the very first set, but I can tell that I'll enjoy working through all of them. Congratulations, and thanks.


SoHvaD lI'mo' 'echletHom jIQuchqu'! Qapla'!


batlh Dabajpu'. Qapla'.


Thank you for these, I'm using them to help memorizing words. But I noticed one typo: In card group 5 subgroup 4, Tail -> thluQ should be "tlhuQ".

Also, I noticed that you are using British spelling conventions, which is a bit inconvenient, as the course uses American english conventions, i.e. Honour <-> Honor, -ise vs. -ize
Not a deal breaker of course, and completely your choice, but I get more errors than it needs because of this.


@mike-lima: qatlhlo'! tlhuQ echletHom vItI'ta'. / Thanks! I have repaired the tlhuQ card.

I take your point about American spellings; I originally created the cards for myself so I used the spelling that I am most used to. I could enable the "allow typos" mode for each set which would result in the American spellings being accepted, but it would also result in lots of incorrect Klingon answers being accepted. I think the better solution may be to simply to use the "I was right" feature whenever TinyCards objects to the American spelling.

Thanks for feedback! Qapla' batlh je!


You are a godsend.... I don't know why, but I have a killer time with the prefixes and this was perfect. Additionally, I was looking to broaden my tlIngan Hol education beyond the books I have and Duo and you've provided great sources... thank you so much!


I saw someone complaining somewhere that the data off of tiny cards csv is completely unusable by any other application out there. They set up a service that will take you're decks.csv and convert it to a much more manageable JSON format.

They said they are still need working on something that will also grab the images in more manageable way, but at least with this you can more easily use the intermediary format to convert it to what ever final program you want to use.


I make no claims that this is safe or effective, so use all precaution. Just passing on information.


Vet man. Heb all jou kaarten gepint. We zien ons weer in de class. Oant moarn

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