"We are standing on the road today."
Translation:हम आज सड़क पर खड़े हैं ।
15 CommentsThis discussion is locked.
There is a typical order in which the extra "stuff" (adverbial stuff) occurs in a native-sounding Hindi sentence.
Time - Place - Manner
Time, e.g. "today", comes before Place, i.e. "on the road."
So, "We - Today - On the road - Stood - Are" sounds correct, but "We - On the road - Today - Stood - Are" sounds... weird.
Like, in English it sounds natural to say "I like your smile very much," but a French speaker with imperfect English will say, "I like very much your shirt" because he/she is transposing the syntax of French.
I don't think the Duo course teaches this aspect of Hindi, so you're kind of on your own to observe, through examples, how the native-sounding Hindi syntax goes :)
P.S. Time often sounds good before the subject (e.g. "We"), too. It just sounds unusual when you place it later in the sentence.
What is wrong with "हम आज सड़क पर खड़े रहे हैं "?
I'm utterly confused about the apparent continuous tense.
Can someone help me understand, because "हम आज सड़क पर खड़े हैं" really (to me) looks like "We stand on the road today".
I will give 10 lingots to whomever who will really explain this issue.
Great question! The problem here has to do with the difference between how English and Hindi express standing. In English, it's usually seen as an action (like running, walking, etc.), and hence the idea (of standing) is conveyed using a verb, whereas in Hindi, it's seen as a state (like happy, tall, etc.), and hence requires an adjective. This is one of those cases where the same concept is expressed in different languages by different parts of speech.
I am happy. (adj) - मैं ख़ुश हूँ। (adj)
I am running. (ver) - मैं दौड़ रहा हूँ। (ver)
I am standing. (ver) - मैं खड़ा हूँ। (adj)
As a side note, "(हम) खड़े रहे हैं" by itself is a grammatically valid construction and it means "(we) have been standing", although it's highly unlikely that you would ever hear such an expression. The present perfect continuous tense isn't generally used in Hindi and it's almost always the present continuous tense that's used instead. So,
We have been standing since morning. - हम सुबह से खड़े हैं। (Lit: We are standing since morning.)
But in english 'happy' is also an adjective. Some verbs in hindi can be used as adjectives - how do i know which should be used as such?
'Standing' - from your reply I understand, should only be used as an adjective. But other verbs can also be used in the adjective form and the continuous verb form.
Forget about the -ing for a minute. Take "sit" as the example, first.
मैं बैठा हूँ
हम बैठे हैं
These mean "I am SEATED / We are SEATED" बैठा, बैठे etc are the "perfect" aspect of the verb -- They indicate COMPLETED action. In Hindi, "sit" is either completed or not completed; on or off. Same with "stand." So,
मैं खड़ा हूँ
हम खड़े हैं
I am STOOD / We are STOOD