'van' and 'nincs'
Hello. I am learning Hungarian and throughout the lessons I have been tripped up by when to use 'van'. I have seen some explanations however I still don't understand. It gets worse as that means that I don't know when to use 'nincs' or just 'nem' so could someone please explain to me when to use and when to omit 'van' please? Thank you. Nem értem, köszönöm.
I do not know the rules, sorry. Maybe this link will help you.
Thank you as that did clear some things up but I still want to find out when to found out when 'van' can be omitted. How come: 'Az autó elöl van.' (The car is in front.) but 'Az alma piros.' (The apple is red.) and 'A férfi zeneszerző.' (The man is a composer.)? The first sentance has 'is' and includes 'van'; the second and third sentances include 'is' but don't include 'van' and I don't know why.
The exact rule for omitting the "van/vannak":
"van/vannak" is omitted in 3rd Person Indicative Present Tense, except if speaking about where or how something is. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_verbs#van_.28to_be.29) E.g.
Péter orvos ∅. – Peter is a doctor.
Péter jól van. – Peter is well. (how?)
Péter itt van. – Peter is here. (where?)
Péter orvos volt. – Peter was a doctor. (Past Tense)
Orvos vagyok. – I am a doctor. (1st Person)
Update: very interesting using "nincs":
Péter van itt./Péter itt van Péter nincs itt./Péter itt nincs.
Maybe this is a better link: http://www.hungarianreference.com/Van-is-exists-omitting.aspx
I do not understand my mother language, just use it. :)
My explanation: use "nincs" instead of "
The next question is how to use "van"?
For meanings of "van" see here: https://www.angolszokincs.com/van-angolul.html
(However the main meanings in English: 1. is 2. has 3. there is)
Sometimes "van" has to be omitted, see the rules here: http://magyar-ok.hu/docs/MOK1_grammar_english.pdf on page 11.
Yes, we use an adjective, 'van' is dropped.
"A szobában van."
But here we describe a position, 'van' is kept.
As each grammatical description writes different rules, I'm going to show the rules through some examples:
Péter ∅ okos. (using adjective)
Péter ∅ tanuló. (using noun)
Péter jól van. (how?)
Péter a szobában van. (where?)
Az ebéd hat órakor van. (when?)
A szoba fűtve van. (using "-va/-ve" adverbial participle)
Van Isten! (emphasizing)
Péter nem ∅ okos.
Péter nem ∅ tanuló.
Péter nincs jól. (nincs =
Péter nincs a szobában.
Az ebéd nem hat órakor van.
A szoba nincs fűtve.