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"That apple" is "apel itu, "this apple" is "apel ini", and "the apple" is also "apel itu" but only used when there is "apple" in the last sentence. Here's the example, "Saya membeli sebuah apel. Apel itu murah." = "I buy an apple. The apple is cheap." You can also use "that" and I think it doesn't matter because they are interchangeable.
I was given this sentence with "pick the words" tiles - I didn't get a tile with "that". The tiles I was given were: "the" "apple" "orange" "drink" "apples" "to". I reported it, but I wasn't sure which category it should be reported as. How would I differentiate "the apple" and "the apples"?
Too complicated, Indonesian is simple which you would discover if you were there longer than a holiday. Learn to speak the way they speak or you will not be accepted in a friendly manner. A few correct words or sentences go much further than speaking incorrectly which makes visitors appear foolish in their eyes. A proper tutor gets it right, not an online tutor who says you are wrong when you are right, worse if a lot of their English words are not spelled correctly.