"I eat an apple."

Translation:Saya makan sebuah apel.

August 16, 2018

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uh.. okay? in literally the previous sentence, "i eat an orange" was translated as "saya makan jeruk" but here, "i eat an apple" is supposed to be "aku memakan sebuah apel" with no explanation for the disparity in lexis or grammar


"memakan" is the formal version of "makan". It also makes "makan" into a transitive verb, which requires it to take an object. This sentence is translated super literally, and no one would say this, honestly. In everyday speech, you would just say "aku makan apel".


Okay. Now aku vs saya ???


Check the notes for Basics 2.

It's formal vs informal.


Wait so Indonisian has formal and informal for first person? What abount second and third person?


You: Kamu (informal/semi-formal) / Anda (formal)

He/she : Dia (informal/semi-formal) / Beliau (very formal)


Yeah, this is weird. It goes against what we just learned, and introduces memakan, which we haven't seen before.


I'm willing to chalk it up to beta, but the tips and explanations do feel a little sparse...


Agreed. 3 out of the 4 words in the correct answer weren't introduced before so this was confusing.


The stated "correct" answer is only one of many possible answers it will accept if you're typing in.

I presume this issue is more of an issue you've run into while using the "picking words" mode?

In any case, me- verbs are introduced more properly in a later level. I believe the same goes for the single-quantity se- words like sebuah (literally "a fruit of")


I was already learning Indonesian beforehand, but I hadn't heard of some of these more "formal" versions of the words For an improvement, I'd introduce the words (and the meanings of the prefixes and suffixes that make them up) beforehand to avoid confusion I really like the learning style Duolingo uses compared to some other programs I've used, and I understand that it's a beta, but introductions to avoid confusion would really help!


This introduced another new concept without warning as well. Up to this point, the only word I had learned for "I" was "saya". But all of the available multiple choice answers had "aku" instead. What is the difference in meaning and usage between "saya" and "aku"?


saya is more formal. Aku is more casual.


What level of the "basics" questions did you first encounter this particular version of the question at? For me, I only noticed it at level 5; perhaps the assumption is that you're supposed to have progressed further in the course to the point that these other concepts have already been learnt, before you come back to upgrade "basics" to the higher levels?


It was thrown at me on level 1! Learning by trial! :)


Since duolingo won't include these in the lessons:

Saya (I), Anda (You), Beliau (Gender neutral He/She) are used in a very formal and professional context. for talking to your boss, lecturer, customer, etc

Aku (I), Kamu (You), Dia (Gender neutral He/She) are less formal than the above. used for talking to people that are a few years older than you, etc

Gua/Gue/Gw (I) and Lu/Lo/Lw (You) are very informal but also very commonly used in daily conversations, including texting, especially in the city. used when talking to friends or classmates, and random people on the internet.

Honestly it just depends on the context and who you're talking to. If confused on which one to use just copy whichever the other person is using. Hope this helps.


Remember.... It is all still in BETA... do not freak out.


I got this as a drag-and-drop sentence and chose "Saya makan sebuah apel", which is accepted as correct, but it tells me that another correct solution is with "memakan" instead of "makan", but "memakan" is not an option in this drag-and-drop exercise. I find it frustrating that it shows me another correct solution when that solution is not a possible solution with the words given to me.


Both are correct. "Makan" is actually intransitive (doesn't need an object) but used by Indonesians as shortened form of "memakan".


friends with me want? I am from Indonesia


this is more like alpha, honestly


Saya memakan sebuah apel

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