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The "t" is "est" is not pronounced in this sentence, since the next word, "rouge", starts with a consonant.
- So here it sounds like "La pomme è rouge".
The "t" is "est" is only pronounced when the next word starts with a vowel.
- Ex: "C'est un homme." ("He is a man.") sounds like "C'est-T-un homme."
The reason is due to the ending of the noun - pomme. It ends with the vowel "e", which therefore is considered to be feminine. (This rule does not always apply to every case, there are exceptions, but in this case it is.) Besides, it would not be correct if conjugated to l', as "p" is obviously not a vowel. (And the 2 sounds differentiates) This rule only applies in certain exceptions or commonly when the subject (or noun) begins with a vowel and the article ends with a vowel. The ending letter of the article and the starting letter of the noun must differentiate between consonants and vowels. Again there are exceptions. L'Homme is one of them. The only reason why L'Homme is in that form is because the sounds of the letters. The sound between the two letters (even though there are no vowel and consonants touching) sounds like two vowels (le + omme), thus they add l'.
Hope this helps a bit, cheers!
I disagree! There's no link between "homme" and "pomme", and you can't guess if it's feminine or masculine considering the ending. I never saw such a grammar rule! I know there is masculine nouns ending by "e" that can be easily spotted, as the name ending with "age", "iste", etc... but there's no link with "pomme"!
And for the l'homme instead of "le homme". Rules 1: Between the article and the nouns, 2 vowels can follow each other, so if you have by example "la orange" (the orange), it becomes l'orange, because you can't have this two vowels following each other, "a" and "o". For the "h", you have to know if it's a mute h or an aspirated h. Read this: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aspirated_h
There are conjugation forms for each verb. When you want to know how to conjugate a verb, hover your mouse over it: click on the "conjugate " option, and you'll get a conjugation table.
Please have a look at this comment on verb conjugations in French:
Second person is you. Third person is He/She/It/They.
1st Person Singular: Je ai un enfant. 2nd Person Singular: Tu as un enfant. 3rd Person Singular: Il/Elle/On a un enfant. 1st Person Plural: Nous avons un enfant. 2nd Person Plural: Vous avez un enfant. 3rd Person Plural: Ils/Elles ont un enfant.