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  5. "आप किताबें पढ़ते हैं।"

"आप किताबें पढ़ते हैं।"

Translation:You read books.

August 18, 2018



please explain why aap is the only correct response


As Zesul's pointed out above, each of the "you" forms comes with a different verb ending. In the given sentence ... किताबें पढ़ते हैं, the हैं indicates plural (or formality), which only goes with आप


Shouldn't "You read the books." also be accepted?


"You read the books" will have to be translated as "आप ये/वो किताबें पढ़ते हैं।" (You read these/those books.)


I understand that you can stress the fact that you’re talking about books that were mentioned previously by using ये. But we’ve been taught until now that Hindi does not use articles and that the absence of articles could be translated either by “a” or by “the”. There are many examples to this effect in the previous lessons. Am I missing something?


So as i understand (please correct me if im wrong), plurals can change the usage of articles because you no longer have a sense if the person is speaking about all the books or a specific set of books. I think it would be equivalent to saying "i read books", vs "i read the books". So we need the "the" or "voh" or "ye" to clearly define our scope


Can someone please explain the difference between aap and tum?


As I understand it, aap is the most polite/most formal way to say "you". Tum is less formal, used with friends and/or people your own age. Tu is the least formal, used in very close relationships or when talking to children.


Why is आप used here


"You read books." can be translated using any of the three words for "you" and the two genders, giving a total of six possible translations:
तू पढ़ता/पढ़ती है।
तुम पढ़ते/पढ़ती हो।
आप पढ़ते/पढ़ती हैं।


I understand that Hindi differentiates between "read" and "is reading" but they are interchangeable in English. I think "you are reading books" should be considered correct.


That would be - Aap kitaab-en padh rahe hain.
The Hindi sentence that is given implies that the person is a reader in general.


Here tum and asp is really confusing because it's books and read is in plural too


Aap refers to the reader


Still confusing...no clear replies...would be nice to have answer from the admin

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