"Sekolah kami ditutup oleh pangeran."
Translation:Our school was closed by the prince.
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To use the present tense you need more words - 'This school is closed by the order of the prince'. 'The school is now closed'.
As a standalone sentence, it is reflective of a decision the prince has already made and is being reported on. Therefore you have to use either past simple or present perfect.
Please don’t forget this is Indonesian, not English. The sentence is out of context, so whatever tense goes.
What are some uses of passive voice in Indonesian? Why are di-verbs so common?
Here’s a very good comment. Absolutely fascinating, read it thoroughly and try to see di- in this way:
It’s not Duolingo’s task to decree where we use Indonesian. Maybe I’m living in an absolute monarchy, our school is closed by a prince, I’m going to tell it to an Indonesian or Malay speaker.
Maybe you will stumble over that very sentence in a historical article.
Maybe you need it when telling a fairytale?
There was a skill called “Jobs” just before. Now we can easily say “Our school was closed by a baker.”
Feel free to change every word and apply this structrure wherever you need. This comment was written by a cat.