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Je to mladá zena


Why is it not:

"Je ta mladá zena"?

Isn't it attatched to a feminine word?

August 20, 2018



you may want to read the tips & notes. this is from the To be sg. notes:

As a singular neuter subject pronoun, ono is usually replaced with the more general neuter pronoun to. However, to has many additional meanings and uses, in some of which it may not even be neuter or singular. We have already seen its use as the definite article or the demonstrative adjective "that" for singular neuter nouns, e.g., to děvče (the girl/that girl).

Study the following examples:

  • Ten nový kluk je vysoký. (The/that new boy is tall.)
  • Ta žena je mladá. (The/that woman is young.)
  • To zvíře je staré. (The/that animal is old.)

Contrast them with these:

  • To je dobré/nové. (It/that is good/new.)
  • To je nový stroj. (It/that is a new machine.)
  • Je to mladá žena. (She is a young woman.)
  • Je to malé dítě. (It is a little child.)

The point is that to can be attached only to singular neuter nouns to maintain agreement. To (nové) auto, but ta (nová) holka. When to serves as a stand-alone subject of one the forms of "be", the predicate (the part describing what to is) does not have to be neuter (or singular, as we will see later):

  • To je ta nová holka. (She is the new girl.)


Not in this type of sentence. "Je to" means "it is" and it is a fixed phrase, doesn't change its form based on the subject.

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