Is this how "Ada" is used when referring to a specific person? I thought it would be "Ibu ada di luar" when Ibu meant "Mum" and "Ada ibu di luar" when ibu means "an older lady"
"ada" can translated into existence / located eg.
Ada apel di luar There is an apple outside
Apel ada diluar An apple is at the outside
As for "ibu" itself can means "my own mother" or another old lady with no relationship at all
So there is no connection between the meaning of "ibu" with the position of "Ada"
What I'm getting at is in English, you wouldn't really say "There is my mother outside" the same way you would say "There is an older lady outside"
But you could definitely say "My mother is outside" and "An older lady is outside"
ok, i misunderstood your question, but
Ada ibu di luar
ibu ada di luar
if both refers to our own mother, they are perfectly normal i think
Just curious: wouldn't it be Ada ibu di luar? -> Is mother outside? Ibu ada di luar -> Mother is outside or doesn't it matter where you put ada and it is just how you pronounce the sentence. So you know it is a question or not.
i think as we've seen already in these exercises, changing the intonation of a statement can make it a question in spoken language. i guess you could also say 'apakah Ibu di luar?' for 'is mother outside?'.
just a couple questions about this one, if anyone can possibly help out?
does using a capital 'i' for 'ibu' (ie here: 'Ibu') change the meaning? 'ibu' = older woman, or any mother, while 'Ibu' = mother, as in the mother of someone involved in the conversation.
further, is 'ada ibu di luar' the same as saying 'ibu ada di luar' in indonesian? that is, either way works in indonesian and basically means the same thing? (as joeldipops pointed out, in english, there are subtle differences between these sentence constructions when talking about something as close or special to you as a mother.)
Yes, the capitalization does signify the change from referring to any older woman/mother to the mother of someone in the conversation.
The position of ada doesn't change the meaning, but they show different emphasis. "Ada Ibu di luar," would be a natural way of answering "Ada siapa di luar?/Who is outside?", while "Ibu ada di luar," would be the natural answer to "Ibu di mana?/Where is Mom?"
I think that capitalisation does make a difference, but "Ibu" could be any named old woman, not just the speaker's mother.
I do think that there's a difference between "Ada ibu..." and "ibu ada" but I'm not sure.