https://www.duolingo.com/JulesF.

The verb "Haver"?

Hi there! I am back from my journey to Portugal (the reason why I started Portuguese in the first place). I might make a post about that later... Anyway, I continued learning this beautiful language and learned some conjugations.

I came across the verb "haver" which means "there are". We almost only use the 3rd person singular of this verb: Há, meaning there is/are. We can also use it in the past tense as "houve": there was/were. When learning the conjugations, I noticed that the conjugations for the other persons were also included and I wondered: How and when do I use these conjugations? What do they mean?

I would like someone to explain this verb to me. I would really appreciate it!

August 31, 2018

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Morgoth_Bauglir

There are some senses of haver that are personal. There is haver de, which is used to mark the future tense and usually indicates obligation, likelihood or a heartfelt desire (for example "hei de andar pela montanha", "I shall walk in the mountains").

There is the auxiliary haver ("eu havia lido um livro", "I had read a book"), but it is only used in some tenses. And haver was also used in the literal sense of "have" several centuries ago; the original sense kind of survives in reaver ("to recover"), but this verb is defective (i.e. some forms, like the expected *reei, don't exist).

August 31, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/JulesF.

Obrigado :)

August 31, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/lucas_andrad.one

If the verb is used in the sense "ter", "conseguir"(to get) or "entender"(understand)... and there's a subject in the phrase, "Haver" becomes a personal verb, check this out: https://www.conjugacao.com.br/verbo-haver/
And also when it is used as an auxiliary verb, like: "Nós havíamos fugido dos ladrões.", it can be used in the other persons.

August 31, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Scutigera

Haver is mostly irregular (as evidenced by the orange highlighting here):

http://www.conjuga-me.net/en/verbo-haver


But, as important as this subject is, I must admit I am more interested in hearing about your trip. =]

I hope it was rewarding.

September 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Ronan348350

Haver + de indicates an obligation that the person feels to do something. This contrasts with ter + que, where the obligation is imposed from outside. Haver que is used in impersonal constructions only, and gives a strong sense of being obliged to do something. (From Pratique du Portuguais de A à Z, Araujo Carreira & Baudoy. Paris, Hatier, 1993.)

September 5, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Endverbraucher

Thanks VERY MUCH, I've always wondered about the meaning of "Que há-de guiar-te à vitória" in that great anthem.

September 6, 2018
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