The verb "Haver"?
Hi there! I am back from my journey to Portugal (the reason why I started Portuguese in the first place). I might make a post about that later... Anyway, I continued learning this beautiful language and learned some conjugations.
I came across the verb "haver" which means "there are". We almost only use the 3rd person singular of this verb: Há, meaning there is/are. We can also use it in the past tense as "houve": there was/were. When learning the conjugations, I noticed that the conjugations for the other persons were also included and I wondered: How and when do I use these conjugations? What do they mean?
I would like someone to explain this verb to me. I would really appreciate it!
There are some senses of haver that are personal. There is haver de, which is used to mark the future tense and usually indicates obligation, likelihood or a heartfelt desire (for example "hei de andar pela montanha", "I shall walk in the mountains").
There is the auxiliary haver ("eu havia lido um livro", "I had read a book"), but it is only used in some tenses. And haver was also used in the literal sense of "have" several centuries ago; the original sense kind of survives in reaver ("to recover"), but this verb is defective (i.e. some forms, like the expected *reei, don't exist).
If the verb is used in the sense "ter", "conseguir"(to get) or "entender"(understand)... and there's a subject in the phrase, "Haver" becomes a personal verb, check this out: https://www.conjugacao.com.br/verbo-haver/
And also when it is used as an auxiliary verb, like: "Nós havíamos fugido dos ladrões.", it can be used in the other persons.
Haver + de indicates an obligation that the person feels to do something. This contrasts with ter + que, where the obligation is imposed from outside. Haver que is used in impersonal constructions only, and gives a strong sense of being obliged to do something. (From Pratique du Portuguais de A à Z, Araujo Carreira & Baudoy. Paris, Hatier, 1993.)