https://www.duolingo.com/katia393307

140 easy- to- learn Greek nouns for english and spanish speakers

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So I have finished my duolingo spanish tree and am reviewing the vocabulary. I made a list of the words that are common in greek, spanish and english because it helps me to memorise them faster and identify the similarities and differences between these languages. . I thought that maybe some of you will also find this list useful, so here it is (note that the greek pronunciation is closer to the spanish one) :

1) Greek- 2)Spanish- 3) English:

Το μετρό - metro- Subway (metro)

Το φαινόμενο- Fenómeno-Phenomenon

Η φιγούρα- Figura- Figure

Η φόρμα- Forma- Form

Η ιδέα- Idea- Idea

Η θεωρία- Teoría- Theory

Το σκάνδαλο- Escándalo- Scandal

Το σύμβολο- Símbolo- Symbol

Το πανόραμα- Panorama- Panorama

Ο γάτος/ Η γάτα- Gato/ Gata- Cat

Η βιβλιοθήκη- Biblioteca- Library

To βιβλιοπωλείο- Librería- Bookstore

Η σκάλα- Escalera- Staircase

Η χημεία- Química- Chemistry

Η ατμόσφαιρα- Atmósfera- Atmosphere

Η θέση- Tesis- Thesis

Η φόρμουλα- Formula- Formula

Η φιλοσοφία- Filosofía- Philosophy

Η μέθοδος- Método- Method

Η φυσική- Física- Physics

Η τεχνική- Técnica- Technique

Η τεχνολογία- Tecnología- Technology

Η φράση- Frase- Phrase

Η δίαιτα- Dieta- Diet

Ο άγγελος- Ángel- Angel

Η ενέργεια- Energía- Energy

Η ανάλυση- Análisis- Analysis

Η δικτατορία- Dictadura- Dictatorship

Η στρατηγική- Estrategia- Strategy

Ο διάλογος- Diálogo- Dialogue

Ο οργανισμός- Organismo- Organism

Η παρτίδα- Partido- Match (game)

Το ιντερνέτ- Internet- Internet

Η δημοκρατία- Democracia- Democracy

Η καμπάνια- Campaña- Campaign

Ο πολιτικός- Político- Politician

Η πολιτική- Política- Politics

Η μουσική- Música- Music

Ο ρυθμός- Ritmo- Rhythm

Το θέατρο- Teatro- Theatre

Η ποίηση- Poesía- Poetry

Η φωτογραφία- Fotografía- Photograph

Ο δίσκος- Disco- Disc

Η αρχιτεκτονική- Arquitectura- Architecture

Η όπερα- Ópera- Opera

Η ορχήστρα- Orquesta- Orchestra

Η μόδα- Moda- Fashion

Το φλάουτο- Flauta- Flute

Το βιολί- Violín- Violin

Το όργανο- Órgano- Organ

Η κλινική- Clínica- Clinic

Το σύμπτωμα- Síntoma- Symptom

Το ρίσκο- Riesgo- Risk

Το στομάχι- Estómago- Stomach

Το λεμόνι- Limón- Lemon

Το Ταξί- Taxi- Taxi

Το μπάνιο- Baño- Bathroom

Η οικονομία- Economía- Economy

Το κόστος- Costo- Cost

Η κλάση- Clase- Class

Η ζακέτα- Chaqueta- jacket

Η παύση- Pausa- pause

Η κριτική- Critica- Critic

Η κατηγορία- Categoría- Category

Το γκολ- Gol- Goal

Το κομπιούτερ- Computadora- Computer

Η αρένα- Arena- Arena

Το ροζ- Rosa- Pink (rose)

Η πρακτική- Practica- Practice

Ο χαρακτήρας- Carácter - Character

Ο κωδικός- Código- Code

Το πρόγραμμα- Programa- Program

Η καμπάνα- Campana- Bell

Η μπαταρία- Batería- Battery

Η ανατομία- Anatomía- Anatomy

Το πρόβλημα- Problema- Problem

Το τηλέφωνο- Teléfono- Telephone

Η μπανάνα- Banana- Banana

Το Σάββατο- Sábado- Saturday

Η σαλάτα- Ensalada- Salad

Το νούμερο- Número- Number

Το γκρουπ- Grupo- Group

Η ιστορία- Historia -History

Ο τίτλος- Título- Title

Το κολέγιο- Colegio- College

Το θέμα- Tema- Theme

Το τένις- Tenis- Tennis

Οι μπότες- Botas- Boots

Η φιέστα- Fiesta- Fiesta

O Ιανουάριος- Enero- January

Ο Φεβρουάριος- Febrero- February

Ο Μάρτιος- Marzo- March

Ο Απρίλιος- Abril- April

Ο Μάιος- Mayo- May

Ο Ιούνιος- Junio- June

Ο Ιούλιος- Julio- July

Ο Αύγουστος- Agosto- August

Ο Σεπτέμβριος- Septiembre- September

Ο Οκτώβριος- Octubre- October

Ο Νοέμβριος- Noviembre- November

Ο Δεκέμβριος Diciembre December

Η ώρα- Hora- Hour

Η κουλτούρα- Cultura- Culture

Το μπέιζμπολ- Béisbol- Baseball

Το μουσείο- Museo- Museum

Το σάντουιτς- Sándwich- Sandwich

Η μαμά- Mamá- Mom

Το καφέ- ( Η καφετέρια)- Café- Cafe

Ο καφές- café- Coffee

Η γραβάτα- Corbata- Tie

Κόντρα- Contra- Against

Ο θείος/ Η θεία- Tío / Tía - Uncle/ Aunt

Η κάλτσα- Calcetín - Sock

Ο πρίγκιπας- Príncipe- Prince

Ο αθλητής- Atleta- Athlete

Ο καπετάνιος- Capitán- Captain

Ο ποιητής- Poeta- Poet

Ο σπεσιαλίστας- Especialista- Specialist

Το παντελόνι -Pantalón- Pants

Η λάμπα- Lámpara- Lamp

Ο δόκτωρ (Δρ)- Doctor- Doctor (Dr)

Ο ατζέντης- Agente- Agent

Το αλκοόλ ( η αλκοόλη)- Alcohol- Alcohol

Η βόμβα - Bomba- Bomb

Το πουκάμισο- Camisa- Shirt

Η πλαζ- Playa- Beach

Η σοκολάτα- Chocolate- Chocolate

Η πισίνα - Piscina- (swimming) Pool

Η σούπα- Sopa- Soup

Το σαλόνι ( η σάλα)- Sala- Living room

Το μενού- Menú- Menu

Το ρολόι- Reloj- Watch/ Clock

Το μπουκάλι- Botella- Bottle

Το δολάριο- Dólares- Dollar

Το σουπερμάρκετ- Supermercado- Supermarket

Το χάμπουργκερ- Hamburguesa- Hamburger

Το πρόβλημα- Problema- Problem

Το τηλέφωνο- Teléfono- Telephone

Το τρένο- Tren- Train

Η πόρτα- Puerta- Door

Το αεροδρόμιο- Aeropuerto- Airport

Ο σταθμός- Estación- Station

Η Στάση- Parada- Stop

Το γκάζι ( το αέριο)- Gas - Gas

5 months ago

16 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/jaye16
Mod
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Thank you . I love this and it will be very helpful for everyone. Spanish is my next language to learn.

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/katia393307
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Thank you! Spanish is a lovely language, I am sure you will enjoy it! And your previous knowledge in Greek and English will help you a lot.

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Stergi3
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Spanish is so close to Greek in phonology that I never make a mistake in pronunciation! Realy astonishing! And it is a so easy to learn!

Thanks!

There is a song in Spanish whose lyrics are made with Greek words only. I can understand almost all of them (Mi Ultimo Tango en Atenas ): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qjw7QeC6WqM

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/katia393307
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very nice song ! Thanks for sharing!

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DragonPolyglot
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Ευχαριστώ, Gracias, Thank you! I was surprised how similar some words and concepts are in Spanish and Greek crossliguistically when I first started to learn Greek. Knowing a Romance language definitely helps in learning Greek.

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/katia393307
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You are welcome! I totally agree with you :)

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/S.Eleni
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Can't help but think of "Gracias, Grecia. Nuestra herencia":
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rc9RnwPXoJ0
<3

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/katia393307
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such a lovely video! thanks so much for sharing !

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/katia393307
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The list, along with the following tip, might also help those who would like to practice with the greek grammatical genders:

1) Words ending in -ος -ης – ας : in most of the cases the gender is masculine. But there are also some neutral and feminine nouns ending in –os. Also there are some occupations ending in –ος which are common for both men and women (ο γιατρός, η γιατρός/ ο δικηγόρος, η δικηγόρος/ ο φαρμακοποιός, η φαρμακοποιός etc).

2) Words ending in -α and –η: in most of the cases the gender is feminine. But there are also many neutral nouns ending in –α.

3) Words ending in -ι and -o: in most of the cases the gender is neutral.

I think this trick can be helpful for the beginners. However there are many (but far less common) exceptions and it is always better to try to learn the gender of each noun. The list has some of those exceptions. Words like το ιντερνέτ, η πλαζ, το κομπιούτερ etc, have a rare ending only because they are not of greek origin.

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AniOhevYayin

It's cool that you are finding ways to build vocab., and however one does it, it's good. Having acknowledged the good work, I don't get how some of the vocabulary items listed are helpful connections between Gk and Sp, because there is no connection etymologically in many cases. For instance, στάση and parada. Where's the connection? I read that Spanish words that derive from Greek tend to be masculine, for instance, el problema. Thus, if one knows that there is a true etymological link between a Spanish lexeme and Greek, it can help not only build vocab but remember not to get fooled by the -a ending in a word such as problema, which is not fem. In the case of parada, it clearly does not come from στάση. (A separate matter: in ancient Gk, στάσις refers to a revolt or revolution and recurs often in Herodotus.)

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/katia393307
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Yes indeed there is no connection between στάση and parada. But there is a connection between στάση and estación which is right above. However the meaning is different. So I included both of these in the list to highlight this difference. For the same reason I included the words βιβλιοθήκη and βιβλιοπωλείο. Yes indeed στάση has many meanings. It also means revolution as you correctly said ( η στάση του Νίκα). Also it means posture, attitude, pose etc. Thank you very much for your comments:)

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/katia393307
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I forgot to mention that I have noticed too that the Spanish words that derive from Greek tend to be masculine. So that was a good point too. However teoria is feminine I think. But not all the words in the list derive from the Greek one ( like the sandwich). Is Greek your native language? If not your knowledge is impressive :)

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AniOhevYayin

Good point about teoria. I hadn't thought of it. There's a brief online article about this topic: https://www.thoughtco.com/greek-ending-ma-often-masculine-3079276 It appears the solution to our question is that the majority of Gk words that appear as masc. in Spanish were neuter in Gk. ἡ θεορία is fem. in Gk and so came into Spanish through Latin as fem. So one could know the grammatical gender of a Spanish lexeme derived from Gk if one knows the gender of the Gk word. Since a lot of Gk words came into Spanish through Latin, if you are interested in a substantial treatment of the relation of Spanish to Latin, see Joseph Solodow, Latin Alive. The Survival of Latin in English and the Romance Languages (Cambridge, 2010). I particularly recommend chapter 7 "The Lexicon in General: Shifts in the Meaning of Words." Thanks for this exchange.

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/katia393307
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Thank you so much for the useful tips!

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Abner-Augusto
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Ευχαριστώ!!!

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/katia393307
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Παρακαλώ :)

3 months ago
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