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  5. мои- мой- моё- моя


мои- мой- моё- моя

Hi everybody. I need help to know what is difference between (мои- мой- моё- моя). I'm really confused.

September 3, 2018



The Russian possessive pronouns get declined for grammatical gender (each noun has a gender), number and case (and they change for animated and unanimated objects in the Accusative) to match their noun.

These 4 are the Nominative versions:
мои (Plural)- мой (Masculine)- моё (Neut) - моя(Feminine).

A complete table for all the cases and genders can be seen here:





Thank you very much. your description and links are very useful. But it needs more training. I hope I can learn.


Is that the first language with grammatical gender that you are working on? If so, it gets easier with time...


No I start to learn ٍEnglish many years ago in school. The great disadvantage of the school system was that they immediately began to teach grammar before enriching the vocabulary of the student, and because learning grammars is difficult in these situation, it would reduce the learning motive, and for that reason I could not learn English well. Of course, I'm now trying to improve my English language along with learning Russian.


Thank you so much for the links, they are a great help !


These are the forms that reflect the gender/number of the noun мой is modifying:

  • мой is used with masculine nouns, e.g.. мой друг "my friend"
  • моя is used with feminine nouns, e.g. моя кошка "my (female) cat"
  • моё is used with neuter nouns, e.g. моё яблоко "my apple"
  • мои is used with all plural nouns, regardless of gender. e.g. мои родители "my parents"

I just saw AnnieMod's earlier post after typing this. The links she provided will probably be helpful to you as well.

I hope this helps!


Thank you for taking the time. Your description was very fluid, helpful, and informative. моя кошка! how we can understand the koshka is female or mail? Is the A letter determinative?


For the most part but there are exceptions.

Most nouns that end on -а, -я are feminine. время is neuter though. дядя is masculine...

Most nouns that end on -е or -о are neuter. Кофе is masculine though :)

The ones ending on -ь are either masculine (день), or feminine (жизнь)

The rest are masculine (ending on -й or on a consonant).

Here are a few resources with some checklists and more details:




Because the gender is almost regular, you only need to worry about the exceptions. So when you are learning a new word, check the gender. If it follows the rules, you do not need to do anything specific. If it does not, take a note of the gender and just make sure you always review that when you review the word. Same with the plural forms although once you know the gender, these are a lot more regular.


wow! Your information about Russian and it`s grammar is very valuable. As it turns out, learning Russian is a little harder than learning other languages. Basically, languages that have pronouns and verbs for men and women are difficult to learn. For example, in Arabic, for every tense of verb, there are 14 modes that are really confusing for the beginner. I hope that grammatical problems will not prevent me from learning. Because I'm really interested in learning Russian. I sincerely thank you for the helpful information.


I was curious about this too


Hi Tbz, welcome! When I started my tree, not so longo ago, I was as confused as you are now with some aspects of the russian language. As time and practice amount things are starting to add up - though I still face new challenges everyday.

I checked your profile and learned you're a Farsi speaker, wow! I learned a couple of words (and the script) half a lifetime ago, and expect one day to go back for really learning the language.

Anyways, best of luck on your russian adventure!


Hello Arvins Thanks for encouraging and motivating. Yes you are right. Everything gets better with practice and over time. An important it is attempt and it will sooner or later lead to a result. I'm glad that you are interest in Persian and I will be happy to be able to serve. Wishes success and glory for you.

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