"Suratnya tidak berlaku di sini."
Translation:His letter does not apply here.
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But that is a nonsense sentence in English. You don’t write an “invalid”letter to someone lol!
A correct translation would be, “His card is not valid here.” (Referring to a membership card etc being invalid at a particular place)
The Indonesian word surat has an extended meaning that the English word “letter” does not have. The KBBI dictionary gives this second meaning as:
2: secarik kertas dsb sbg tanda atau keterangan; kartu: surat tanda anggota;
Which translates as:
2: pieces of paper etc. that signify or describe something; a card: a letter denoting membership;
I am very confused by this question/answer does surat have a broader meaning than "letter" does it mean official document or similar?? or is the confusion about the use of the word apply ?? My only understanding of "does not apply here" would be about some kind of rule or law ? eg " Australian law does not apply here"
Verbs, verbs and verbs first. Verbs make the whole thing moving, they will make our language more Hemingway-ish. Then move on to the adjectives skill...
EDIT: Sorry I was joking, but it really was motivating to struggle one’s way through an ocean of baseverbs, ber-verbs and mem-verbs, while all the adjectives were somewhere far ahead, as a reward
There seems to be a fundamental mistranslation at the heart of this strange sentence. The word “surat” has an extended meaning in Indonesian that “letter” doesn’t have in English. It’s only in this extended sense that “apply” makes sense here. For example:
“surat keterangan” = a statement or certificate, like an account statement, or certificate of achievement. “surat keterangan sehat” = certificate of health. “Surat akta” = a deed (in the legal sense). “Surat beruang” = tradable securities (in the financial system).
So in this sort of context “Suratnya tidak berlaku di sini.” begins to make sense when “berlaku” is translated as “apply or valid” and “Surat” is translated as a certificate or written instrument of some sort - but NOT AS JUST “LETTER”. For example, “His certificate does not apply here.” “Her statement is not valid here.”