https://www.duolingo.com/Son-.-Goku

What is the difference between "Tidak" and "bukan"

When reading the sentences with these words I understand them, but I still do not understand when to use each of them when I am creating a sentence.

September 5, 2018

8 Comments


[deactivated user]

    Tidak is used with verbs and adjective. Bukan is only used with nouns.

    Anak itu tidak makan - the child does not eat

    Gaunnya tidak biru - her dress is not blue

    But if you are negating a noun, then:

    Itu bukan buku - that is not a book

    September 5, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/Son-.-Goku

    Thank you so much! Here buy yourself something nice.

    September 5, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/Velonisia

    Not quite right, I think?

    You will get confused with this kind of sentence below in the future if you think like that

    "Anak itu bukannya belajar, tetapi malah tidur" = "That kid, instead of studying, he is sleeping instead" (I don't use "but" because it sounds weird in English, I think).

    As a native, I always think that "bukan" is used for stating that something isn't something else, while "tidak" is basically for everything else. Like,

    "Aku bukan pelajar dari Amerika" = "I'm not a student from America."

    "bukan" here is for stating that you're not part of that subject of concern (student from America).

    September 13, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/Rick392366

    Not quite right, I think?

    I think it's correct.
    Your examples confirm this:

    "Anak itu bukannya belajar, tetapi malah tidur"

    "bukan" is used here to negate a noun phrase ("anak itu").

    "Aku bukan pelajar dari Amerika"

    "bukan" is used here to negate a noun phrase ("pelajar dari Amerika").

    As a native, I always think that "bukan" is used for stating that something isn't something else

    What you mean by this is probably something like this :
    "Itu bukan anjing, tapi kucing".
    "Itu bukan ayam, tapi bebek."

    "That is not a dog, but a cat."
    "That is not a chicken, but a duck."

    In these examples, "bukan" is also used to negate a noun.

    September 17, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/joeHF

    I'm not sure; maybe I'm missing something, but Velonsia's explanation seems better - particularly for that first example.

    "Anak itu bukannya belajar, tetapi malah tidur"

    Maybe I'm misunderstanding, but your quote below doesn't make sense to me.

    "bukan" is used here to negate a noun phrase ("anak itu").

    I'm not seeing the noun phrase being negated here. I'm seeing the verb being negated. It's not

    "not that kid is studying..." (meaning a different kid is studying)
    It is "that kid is not studying..."

    That reads to me as a negation of a verb, not a noun - so Cade's explanation seems incomplete.

    September 21, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/votorobo

    How about "Saya bukan dari Jepang"? What part of speech is "dari"? Obviously not a noun. If this is just a preposition, then what makes this phrase a sentence? There should be a predicate. I assume "dari" may imply something like "come from" or "be from" and thus be a verb (?) Then how come "bukan" is used here? Or else, Velonisia's explanation is closer to the truth, meaning that "bukan" negates BEING something (in this case, being native of Japan).

    February 11, 2019

    https://www.duolingo.com/Kdhy11

    Thanks for quick, clear answer to something that's been puzzling me too!

    September 8, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/andraantariksa

    Nice

    September 9, 2018
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