.....I am staying inside because there is a storm. There is a big storm coming so I am hunkering down. Everything is paralyzed because of the storm.......
The above means that your response to a storm is to stay inside, hunker down etc.. You may start your response before the storm and continue for a while after it has gone.
....It is storming right now so I am staying inside, hunkering down, everything is paralyzed. ...
The above use of the imperfect (continuous) leads the listener to conclude that once the storm stops, the indicated behavior may change.
In areas where storms can change lives in many ways, as soon as the the threat from the storm has passed people will often respond to the change in conditions. The tornado storm comes in and people hide as best they can. As soon as the storming is over, they immediately come out to see what is left of their lives.
In the cities it's ....Oh look, a storm..guess I'm going to have to run from the parking lot to the office entrance. Damn. ....
"il y a" = there is/are
you can conjugate "il y a" in any tense or mood:
- il y a (present)- il y avait (imperfect)- il y a eu (compound past) - il y aura (future)
- in negative: il n'y a pas - il n'y avait pas - il n'y a pas eu - il n'y aura pas
- in interrogative: y a-t-il ? - y avait-il ? - y a-t-il eu ? - y aura-t-il ?
When you use the near future or the recent past, that both need the addition of the verbs "aller" or "venir", the new word order is:
- il va y avoir = there is going to be
- il vient d'y avoir = there has just been
Merci, beaucoup, Sitesurf. A question for any techies out there, please. I'm using android, how can I bookmark or otherwise route-to-find entries like the one Sitesurf has made? I am handwriting them all, not a problem unless I make an error. And once again, thank you to Sitesurf and the other site teachers. Wonderful.
Use the app version of Anki which is a digital flash card system. Go on you tube to learn how to modify it to type to answer function instead of the default simple flashing of the card.
Copy and paste selected Duo examples with question on front/answer on back, plus any added comments you want to include (images, sound clips, frame grabs, clips from movies, Sitesurf ...... whatever).
Then just drill to kill. Anki's algorithm will space the cards accordingly so as to only show you the ones you need to see, based on the proficiency demonstrated by your answers.
It is free. ankisrs.net ( srs = spaced repetition software)
You won't be able to bookmark from within the app version. But if you open up duolingo in the browser of your choice and go to your profile you will see the comment you just made. (you may need to switch to desktop view if using a mobile device) Then you will be able to navigate back to this page and bookmark as normal.
"Il y a" is a very important set phrase which means "there is/are." It can be conjugated in different tenses. This is near future, using "aller." "There is going to be." Since the first verb is conjugated, the second remains in the infinitive: va avoir.
It doesn't translate literally to English, it just has to be learned as a set phrase.