Being dutch myself, i think of a camera as either a video camera or a photo camera. Unfortunately photo camera is considered an incorrect answer here.
To which i do not agree at all. Photo camera is a perfectly valid translation.
A still camera, a.k.a. a photo camera
A video camera, a.k.a. a movie camera
Is it only a camera (or its body)? Can't it be a lens or a flash or any gadget that fits to the camera? We are talking about a "photo apparatus", non?
un appareil photo is a camera which produces static photos.
une caméra is a camera which produces films
Well, the difference doesn't seem so big!...