Tongue position when saying Ř
Yeah, I know, this is a really basic question and has probably been answered many times before, but...
...what position should my tongue be in when pronouncing Ř (r with hacek)?
Obviously you can't see into people's mouths when they're speaking!
I have the urge to turn my tongue back on itself, as opposed to the Ž where the front of my tongue is flat against the top of my mouth. So the under-tip (? the bottom side of the tip of my tongue) is the part that is touching the top of my mouth.
Is this right?
It does bend, it has to anatomically, but the main point is where it touches the mouth. Ř is alveolar, not dental. Because it is laminal, the tip is slightly forward of the alveolar ridge, but in my mouth not all the way to the teeth. But that may be a personal variation, you may touch the teeth and I may not.
The main point for articulation is the place the farthest into the mouth where the tongue touches the mouth. The tip is not so important if any other part is touching somewhere farther.
It is something like this:
No, Ž is more backwards and the tongue makes a central tunnel below the mouth top along which the air flows.
Actually, the bend is important to the naming as well. They call it raised alveolar (fricative) trill, because the body of the tongue is raised. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental,_alveolar_and_postalveolar_trills#Voiced_alveolar_fricative_trill
I spent years learning "ř". This is what finally helped me:
1) Pronounce RRRRRRRR like in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IsfgBrTFlvY The tip of your tongue has to vibrate right behind your upper teeth.
2) Put your upper and lower teeth together
3) Repeat that vibrating sound with your upper and lower teeth together. Voilà, the resulting sound is ŘŘŘŘŘŘŘŘ.
Yes, both are alveolar, so they are articulated at the alveolar ridge.
With R, it is most often apical so articulated by the tip of the tongue on the hard part of the mouth so that the back of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge.
Ř is laminal, so that the articulation is done by the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge. The blade is just behind the tip.
At least that's what they write on Wikipedia, but when I try to observe my own articulation it seems to be correct.
Ž, which Mark refers to, is postalveolar (a bit farther) and one makes a groove in which the air flows forward, which is quite different from the trill or tap of R and Ř where the tip or blade vibrates.
No, it is not. It is basically like this https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5788d997f7e0aba701f908df/t/595a2bb6f7e0ab5022d3c24f/1499081663238/ with the midlle part of the tongue raised in comparison to R. So it is actually bent the other way.