"We have an apple."
Translation:Wir haben einen Apfel.
Article for Apfel is der which is masculine. If it changes to accusative it will change to den. But if we have to use an indefinite article in the sentence which is "an" in this sentence, we will change "ein" Which is a nominativ to its accusative form which is einen.
Hope you understood it :)
We say "einen" (not ein) because Apfel is the direct object in this sentence. Articles have to agree with their nouns in gender and in case.
Here is an introductory link to German cases (subjects/direct objects) and articles. The discussion on the -en ending of articles begins at 5:17. A helpful table for subjects and direct objects is at 7:16. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fd_5Wjsf9xo
"Einen Apfel" is the Singular form of "An Apple". And "Ein Apfel" could be used like "We have a Apple" (Wir haven ein Apfel) and "I have an apple" (Ich habe ein Apfel).
Basically, you have to view things as they would seem in German, and not English, as English has many 'shorts' and 'tricks' to sentencing.
Einen = An, which could mean only one person has an apple. Ein = A, which could mean a group has an apple each, or only one in total. ~Remember, "Apfel" is masculine.
~Please correct me if I'm wrong!
Nomitive (case) -the way of naming an object, "Es ist EIN Apfel."/"It is an apple."
Accusative (case) -the object that the verb is being done to, "Der Mann isst EINEN Apfel."/"The man eats an apple." The apple is being eaten.
Dative (case) - the object which is receiving the verb, "Der Mann gibt DEM Hund einen Apfel"/"The man gives the dog an apple" The apple is being givin, but the dog is recieving the action.
Genetive (case) - ownership of a noun, "Der Apfel DES MANNS."/"The man's apple." The man owns the apple.
Neuter, masculine, and feminine are all genders of nouns. They basically have different words for the, Das, Der, and Die respectively. It is the same with the word a, Ein, Ein And Eine. You need to memorize which noun is which.
Then you haven't read enough.
Cases: nominative, akkusativ, detive, genetive Gender: Masculine, feminine, Neuter, and (because it helps to understand) Plural Concern yourself only with Nominative (subject) and accusative (Object) cases for sentences and for all the genders for now.
The words vary in infliction depending on which case and gender they are concerned with.
Is the Akkusativ form "einen" used for the object Apfel in this sentence because the verb "haben" is a transitive verb? If so, do all transitive verbs require the Akkusativ form when the sentence is - Subject + Verb + Direct Object. I thought Akkusativ form was used where the action of the verb is directed at the Direct Object. The verb "haben" does not seem to connote action directed at the Object, but is a "state of being" verb like "sein" and not like an action verb such as "cut", "ate", "sliced". An explanation would be helpful.
Yes, the verb selects the case of the object. These can be accusative (haben, sehen, finden...), dative (helfen, glauben, vertrauen,...) or genitive (bedürfen, sich besinnen,...). Genitive is very rare and dative is often required with actions of which the object benefits. For example "jemandem (dative) etwas (accusative) schenken". "Ich schenke dir (dative) ein Buch (accusative)." - "I give you a book." You benefit from the action by receiving the book as a gift.
For who is still asking why "einen Apfel"? Well, we have learned so far two cases (nominative and now acusative). Acusative is the thing or the person who is directly receiving the action. And nominative is the subject of the sentence. The only thing that changes from the nominative to acusative is the masculine forms: Nominative ein der Accusative einen den
Einen IS NOT an. When you do something to a noun, or its the determiner of the subject, you use Einen. In english, we dont do that too often, but think of it like saying "I have her" versus "i have she" In this case, "her" is equivalent to "Einen", and "she" is equivalent to "ein" So, examples. Ich hab EINEN Apfel. Tu hast EINEN Frau. EIN Junge hast EINEN Fisch. EINE Frau ess
Ich habe : i have
Du hast: you have
sie/es/de hat: she has, he has, it has
Ihr habt: you all (plural) have
Wir/ sie haben: we have, they have
Sie haben: You have (formal, always capital "S", used for people you dont know well or who are of higher station or when you are their customer etc)
The German Indefinite Articles
In German we have two main indefinite articles: ein and eine. The indefinite articles: ein/eine are used just like the English letter: a. We use ein/eine if something is unknown, new or non specific and we use it only with singular nouns.
Tip: If the article of the singular noun is die you use eine otherwise ein.
For Example: die Frau = eine Frau. but: das Mädchen = ein Mädchen.
Maybe you wonder why we don’t use the article “die” when we use the word “Mädchen” (girl). After all it is a female person. Well, I know it is strange but we have an exception here. Please note that the word “Mädchen” has the article das and therefore we must use ein Mädchen and not eine Mädchen.
Note: If we have a plural noun we don’t use the indefinite article at all:
Ein Mann mag Bier. A man likes beer. (Mann = singular noun).
However: Männer mögen Bier. Men like beer. (Männer = plural noun).
Credit: https://learn-german-easily.com/indefinite-articles - thank you Lucas Kern!
Einen IS NOT an. When you do something to a noun, or its the determiner of the subject, you use Einen. In english, we dont do that too often, but think of it like saying "I have her" versus "i have she" In this case, "her" is equivalent to "Einen", and "she" is equivalent to "ein" So, examples. Ich hab EINEN Apfel. Tu hast EINEN Frau. EIN Junge hast EINEN Fisch. EINE Frau isst EINEN Banane. Makes sense?
This is only partially correct. As you said, in English, morphologically you can only tell the difference between subject and object when looking at pronouns. "I see the table." and "The table is green.". In both cases it is "the table". But "I see him." and "He sees me.". "him and "me" are in the object case. Now, "ein" can have several forms. It is inflected according to the gender and case of the following noun. "Ich sehe eine Katze / einen Hund / ein Tier." (accusative feminine / masculine / neuter). "Ich helfe einer Katze / einem Hund / einem Tier." (dative feminine / masculine / neuter). See the full table here: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/ein#Declension_2