What is the difference between Izūgagon & Zūgagon?

Hey, so I was going through the Vocabulary page on the Dothraki wiki for HV, and I saw Izūgagon (Defined as To Fear) and Zūgagon (To be Afraid of, To Fear) listed. What is the difference between these? Is there a special circumstance where you'd use one over the other?

September 17, 2018


izūgagon is just i+zūgagon. And the prefix i- or j- make verbs take an accusative object. On the wiki page its explained like this: "Causes a verb that might otherwise have an argument in some other case to take an accusative object instead" Also have a look for the "High Valyrian Verbal Prefixes"-page and the "High Valyrian Derivational Affixes"-page. Its further explained there

September 19, 2018

Zūgagon regularly receives an object in dative: Valot zūgan, while izūgagon is the oblique applicative the verb receives the i- prefix and the noun is in the accusative: Vale izūgan. Applicatives are very often in Valyrian.

September 20, 2018
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