https://www.duolingo.com/Sharecka

Komencanto

Saluton. Mi nomo estas Sharecka kaj mi lernis Esperanton dum unu monato . Mi havas problemojn kun la akuzativa kazo.

I have problem with the accusative case, the basic word order once it is added and understanding where it goes. I went onto www.learn.esperanto.com. It is a great website but it's getting harder to understand without someone telling me if I am right or not. I would really appreciate some help with this.

Thank you so much!

9/20/2018, 8:17:04 PM

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/lectroidmarc

In English word order usually matters. "The man eats the chicken." and "The chicken eats the man." are very different sentences. But by marking which part of the sentence is the object with an -n, we remove that dependency on word order.

Now I know this isn't quite the same thing, but may serve to help illustrate this with the use of pronouns in English. Consider "I eat the chicken." and "The chicken eat I." These mean the same thing. Because we use "I" (as opposed to "me") we know in the second example that I am still eating the chicken and not running for my life from it.

So Esperanto it's somewhat similar: "La kokon manĝas la viro." is really kindof like that second case above ("The chicken eat I.") where we know -- irrespective of the normal word order -- that the chicken is having something done to it, because it has an -n, and the man is the one doing it. It may sound a little weird to English ears but it works fine.

And yes I do know that "la viro manĝus kokaĵon, ne kokon." I m trying to keep things simple here :).

9/20/2018, 10:47:11 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/Sharecka

Thank you!

9/20/2018, 11:20:13 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/The_Blobfish
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I see that this is an older thread, but I thought I would let you know that you answered my first question about Esperanto, regarding why the -n was deemed necessary to include in the language. I thank you...

10/1/2018, 2:14:50 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/Henri27583

I’m glad we are on this journey together!!!!

9/21/2018, 6:57:15 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/Julio.HaiLiu
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Flexible word order (thanks to the accusative) is one of my favorite features of Esperanto as a second language, as word order of many natural languages (like English, Japanese, Chinese) can be quite different. Thanks to that flexibility, one can use the word order of our most familiar language when speaking Esperanto, and the sentences can still be grammatically correct and understood/recognized.

9/21/2018, 4:03:09 AM
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