https://www.duolingo.com/JovemImortal

上手 changing the sound when we add く at the final

Well, for what I have learned about Japanese when we add く at the final of some adjective it becomes a adverb but, recently I realized that 上手 > じょうず become 上手く > うまくin other words... It changes the sound...so now I have a big doubt about it ... Are there many adjectives that changes the sound when we add く after it? Could you give some examples? Please?

October 1, 2018

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Swisidniak

You only add く to い adjectives. 上手 alone is a な adjective (じょうず な)These are adjectives that behave more like descriptive nouns. These words take に to become adverbs.

上手い(うまい)is the い adjective that becomes 上手く(うまく)but is usually written in kana alone

い adjectives are true adjectives that can be directly conjugated and a sentence can be ended with them. な adjectives however require the use of the copula to change their conjugation and can't end a sentence.


上手な - skillfull (n) じょうず な

じょうずです - is skillfull
じょうずでした - was skillfull
じょうずじゃない - not skillfull
じょうずじゃなかった - was not skillfull
じょうずなりょうりです - skillfull cooking (n)
りょうりはじょうずです - the cooking is skillfull
じょうずにりょうりする - to cook (to) skillfull (v)

ーーー

上手い うまい skillfull (a)

うまい(です)- is skillfull
うまくない - is not skillfull
うまかった - was skillfull
うまくなかった - was not skillfull
うまいりょうり - skillfull cooking (n)
りょうりはうまい - the cooking is skillfull
うまくりょうりする - to cook skillfully (v)

While the two words mean the same thing, umai is far more casual than jouzu

October 1, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Troftgrube

There are many examples of kanji being the same but the pronunciation differing with the addition of certain hiragana at the end of the word. This is as a result of Japanese being a Japonic language borrowing words from the Chinese language. There are some words that change depending on context as well. Rule of thumb here is how you read it changes based on if the kanji group stands alone or is read in accompaniment with hiragana. Look at the examples below:

学ぶ、学、学校

Pronunciation: まなぶ、がく、がっこう

Meaning: To learn, the study of or learning, school

美味しい、美味、美味い。

Pronounced: おいしい、びみ、うまい

All Meaning: Tastes good.

山、山脈

Pronounced: やま、さんみゃく

Meaning: Mountain, Mountain Range

一、二、三。一つ、二つ、三つ。

Pronounced: いち、に、さん。ひとつ、ふたつ、みっつ。

Meaning: 1,2,3. 1,2,3.

生きる、生、生、先生

Pronounced: いきる、なま、せい、せんせい

Meaning: To live, Raw, Life, Teacher

  • the kanji 生 is notorious for having a ridiculous amount of pronunciations look them up to be proficient at them*

Knowing the grammatical aspect is only half the battle of learning Japanese. If you want to be able to read, write, and speak it proficiently you will have to make a deep dive into the confusing world of Kanji (50,000+ of them to be exact) you will only need to know roughly about 2,000 of them to proficiently read newspapers but knowing the relations of how to read it gives even native Japanese trouble sometimes. The most difficult thing to read for natives is being able to read someone's name in Japanese because there are multiple ways to pronounce a group of characters that make up a name. I hope I did not discourage you from learning Japanese but know it is one of the most difficult languages to learn for English speakers. As the grammar, writing system, and high social context association of the language is difficult for English and other Indo-European language speakers grasp completely. However, that does not mean it is impossible! I wish for Godspeed in your endeavors in learning Japanese! 素早く日本語を学べる事を祈っています!

October 1, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/nonolu64

You speak french?

October 2, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/nonolu64

Comment tu fais pour écrire japonais?Puisque tu n'as pas le bon clavier?(How do you do to write Japanese because you do not have the right keyboard?)

October 2, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Swisidniak

(I have not spoken french in years so excuse my errors)

tu peux ajouter un IME/clavier japonais dans les paramètres de langue de ton ordinateur pour écrire japonais et les autre langues

you can add a japanese IME/keyboard in your computer's language settings to write in japanese and other languages :)

October 2, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Troftgrube

You can type Japanese by changing the keyboard settings. Japanese is phonetical in its construction so you can type mostly everything with it. It is up to your computer and your knowledge of the language to determine which Kanji is appropriate to use at the moment. For example: 私は今大学で看護師の勉強をしています。⇒ わたしはいまだいがくでかんごしのべんきょうをしています。⇒ watshi ha ima daigaku de kangoshi no benkyou wo shite imasu. I am sure if you look up how to change the language you keyboard types you can do it even if you have a French based keyboard. The French use QWERTY keyboards right?

October 2, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Troftgrube

I do not speak French. Though I am progressing very slowly. Trying to learn it to speak it with a Moroccan friend I met online while gaming. Arabic is not currently available so trying to pick up a few words.

October 2, 2018
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