"मेरी मामी बहुत सुंदर हैं।"
Translation:My aunt is very beautiful.
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Mother's brother/sister = मामा/मामी Father's brother/sister = चाचा/चाची
Here's a great wiki that goes into the various family relationships in Hindi https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Hindi/Family_relations
As a NON-NATIVE speaker, my impression of the difference is:
The first is from Sanskrit origin, the second from Persian. This means both can have an identical "direct" meaning, while indirectly they MAY have different connotations in context and different implications for the identity of the speaker. In certain types of poetry, for example, you'd choose one over the other. सुंदर sounds to me more chaste; ख़ुबसुरात is more decadent. There is more romance in the latter. I would tell my girlfriend she is ख़ुबसुरात (i.e. praising her beauty), because I think सुंदर would have the effect more like saying she is "attractive" or even "handsome." Somewhat similarly, I feel ख़ुबसुरात is less appropriate (though NOT totally wrong) for praising male beauty, in the same way in English we might prefer to call a man "handsome" rather than "beautiful."
सुंदर has a wider range of applications as "beautiful", whereas ख़ुबसुरात is more specific to physical appearance.
Summary: They're basically the same! Your mileage may vary.
In response to: "सुंदर has a wider range of applications as "beautiful", whereas ख़ुबसुरात is more specific to physical appearance."
A native speaker corrected me when I was saying something about "मेरे सुन्दर दोस्तों". She said that सुन्दर is more about physical appearance and I should use "प्यारे" instead.
So.. firstly it would depend on what you were exactly trying to mean when the corrected you, secondly and second-ing that they explained it right, for example you can compliment someone by saying that their shirt is "Sundar" but would be a little weird to say that their shirt is "Khoobsurat", not wrong exactly but that would be exaggerating it, and unless you don't mean to! you should not!, Another one is the wallpaper in your house very "Sundar" not "Khoobsurat" (though don't take them very seriously they're just examples)...