'Tulis' is the base/root verb, as in 'to write' in English. It is imperative.
To write/write = tulis Please write! = Tolong tulis!
Meanwhile, 'tulis' becomes 'menulis' when attached to a subject.
I write = Saya/aku menulis
Andy writes = Andy menulis
My father writes = Ayah saya/ayahku menulis
Saya (Formal "I") Anda (Formal "You")
Aku (Informal "I") Kamu (Informal "You")
I hope this helps!
Both kami menulis and kami tulis are considered as correct here.
Menulis use the construction mem prefixe + base-verb (root-word)
Mem + tulis = menulis.
The "mem" prefix is used for verbs that are transitive. But if you use the root-verb version "tulis", it's less formal, but still accepted here.
I heard about that transitive/intransitive thing before too. But the more I read about it, the more confused I get, because different sources claim contradictory things about these prefixes. For example, from this document here:
it seems to be that both mem- and ber- can be used with both transitive and intransitive verbs, and I cannot extract any reasonable pattern from their examples that would tell them apart :/
No. Menulis means to write, and "tulis" too, as its root-word.
If you want to express the progressive tense, you will use the particle "sedang".
For a writing, as the consequence of writing, it's "penulisan". And both "menulis" and "tulis" can be used as verb, to mean the same thing, no tense difference.
Saya menulis (considered more correct and formal) = Saya tulis (considered more informal).
I am writing = Saya sedang menulis/tulis.
Kami means "we" excluding the listener.
Example: "Kami mau menonton film. Mau ikut?" = We are off to see a movie. Would you like to come?
Kita means "we" including the listener. Example: "Kita ke mana sekarang?" = Where shall we go now?
I was curious about the Kita VS Kami so I found examples of usage here: https://www.bahasakita.com/grammar/pronoun/kami-versus-kita/
Tulis is a root word with the me- prefix added on. If a verb starts with a t, then the t will become an n when me- is attached. Most root words can be used on their own as verbs, but the general rule is to add the me- prefix to make the root word into a verb. For example the root word for membesar (to get bigger) is besar which is just an adjective on its own.
Isn't it that "me-" is for making the word a TRANSITIVE verb? So for "besar" (big), wouldn't "membesar" rather mean "to make something big"? (I.e. "to enlarge") Because there's also the "ber-" prefix, which also turns words into verbs, but this time they are INTRANSITIVE, which better fits your description ("be(r)besar" = "to get bigger"). Am I right?
Besar is an adjective, the root-word that takes the prefix -mem that I saw until now are all verbs.
Only verbs can be transitive/intransitive.
If you want to transform besar (big), as a root, you will say "terbesar" (= biggest)
-ter is used for adjectives.
Or with -se: sebesar = "as big as.." for a comparative adjective transformation.
I can't find any "bebesar" or "membesar" in any dictionaries.
Yes "Me(m)" is for active transitive verbs.
"Tulis" is the base form of "menulis"
Menulis = me- + tulis. "T" is going under consonant gradation, becoming "N".
Grammatically, it should be "Saya menulis". But, in daily conversation, we usually say:
"Saya tulis" (with the base word)
"Saya nulis" (get rid of the me-, after the word going under the consonant gradation)
Do you have a link for the grammar use of Menulis vs Tulis?
As I searched in Kamus Besar, and they give them as synonymous verbs.
I know "menulis" is more formal, but I don't know if there's an explanation for the "Grammatically, it should be...", if it's simply tolerated, or really a less formal alternative.
Duo accepts it, and the Kamus Besar seems also to accept it.
https://www.bahasakita.com/grammar/prefix/prefix-me-combined/ is a good reference website.
It's not Duo's fault. Each time you have non standard words, it is because you probably made a typo.
The normal, standard answer is "menulis", it's the correction shown for me on this page, and for most of the users.
Translation: Kami menulis.
But, if you tried to write the answer, and made a typo, the software tries to guess what you wrote, and you get the alternative solution "tulis".
Anyway, "tulis" is not a useless word, "tulis" is root-word for "menulis".
Men + tulis = Menulis.
But if you want to be more formal, and stick with Duo standard correction, use "menulis", but be careful to not make any typos.