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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DestinyCall

Practice Sentences 5

Practice your Japanese. Can you read these sentences?

どんな季節ですか。
今, 春です。
草は青いです。
花が咲いています。
鳥が歌っています。
冬は終わった。

Donna kisetsu desu ka.
Ima, haru desu.
Kusa wa aoi desu.
Hana ga saite imasu.
Tori ga utatte imasu.
Fuyu wa owatta.

どんな季節ですか。
今, 夏です。
天気がいいですね。
海は涼しくて爽やかです。
でも, 砂が熱いです。
泳ぎに行きましょう。

Donna kisetsu desu ka.
Ima, natsu desu.
Tenki ga ii desu ne.
Umi wa suzushikute sawayaka desu.
Demo, suna ga atsui desu.
Oyogi ni ikimashou.

どんな季節ですか。
今, 秋です。
天気は冷たいです。
頻繁に雨が降ります。
木の葉っぱが赤色や黄色やオレンジ色に変わっています。
吹く風が紅葉を散らします。
やがて冬が来ます。

Donna kisetsu desu ka.
Ima, aki desu.
Tenki wa tsumetai desu.
Hinpan ni ame ga furimasu.
Ki no happa ga aka-iro ya ki-iro ya orenji-iro ni kawatte imasu.
Fuku kaze ga kōyō o chirashimasu.
Yagate fuyu ga kimasu.

どんな季節ですか。
今, 冬です。
天気が悪いですよ。
外は寒いです。
雪が降っています。
火の近くに行って、
ココアを一緒に飲みましょう。

Donna kisetsu desu ka.
Ima, fuyu desu.
Tenki ga warui desu yo.
Soto wa samui desu.
Yuki ga futte imasu.
Hi no chikaku ni itte,
kokoa o issho ni nomimashou.

辞書 (Jisho) - Dictionary

どんな (donna) - what, what kind
季節 (kisetsu) - season, time of year
です (desu) - is/are (copula)
今 (ima) - now
春 (haru) - spring; spring time
草 (kusa) - grass
青い (aoi) - blue, green, fresh, young
花 (hana) - flowers
咲いています (saite imasu) - "to bloom" (verb - te iru form)
鳥 (tori) - birds
歌っています (utatte imasu) - "to sing" (verb - te iru form)
冬 (fuyu) - winter
終わった (owatta) - "to end, to finish" (*verb - polite paste tense)

夏 (natsu) - summer
天気 (tenki) - weather
いい (ii) - good
海 (umi) - sea, ocean
涼しくて (suzushikute) - cool (i-adjective - te form)
爽やか (sawayaka) - refreshing (na-adjective)
でも (demo) - but, however
砂 (suna) - sand
熱い (atsui) - hot (object) (i-adjective)
泳ぎ (oyogi) - swimming
行きましょう (ikimashou) - "to go" (verb - volitional form)

秋 (aki) - autumn, fall
冷たい (tsumetai) - cool, chilly (i-adjective)
頻繁 (hinpan) - often, frequently
雨 (ame) - rain
降ります (furimasu) - "to fall (rain, snow)" (verb - polite non past)
木の葉っぱ (ki no happa - tree leaves, leaves on trees
赤色 (aka iro) - red color(ed)
黄色 (ki iro) - yellow color(ed)
オレンジ色 (orenji iro) - orange color(ed)
変わっています (kawatte imasu) - "to fall (rain, snow)" (verb - te iru form)
吹く風 (fukukaze) - blowing wind
紅葉 ( kōyō ) - autumn leaves, fall colors
散らします (chirashimasu) - "to scatter, to disperse" (verb - polite nonpast)
やがて (yagate) - before long; soon
来ます (kimasu) - "to come" (
verb - polite non past*)

冬 (fuyu) - winter
悪い (warui) - bad, poor, inferior
外 (soto) - outside
寒い (samui) - cold (weather)
雪 (yuki) - snow
降っています (futte imasu) - "to fall (rain, snow)" (verb - te iru form)
火の近く (hi no chikaku) - close to the fire, near the fire
行って (itte) - "to go" (verb - te form)
ココア (kokoa) - cocoa, hot chocolate
一緒 (issho) - together
飲みましょう (nomimashou) - "to drink" (verb - volitional form)

If you notice any typos or errors, please let me know!

October 13, 2018

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/N.Scamander

Hello! I am Japanese! I was surprised by your Japanese proficiency! Your Japanese is good! Will begin the main subject! Your Japanese is perfect, but there are some regrets! In particular... "天気は冷たいです" Tenki wa tsumetai desu. I think that this is better for "the weather is cold" There is another one. "火の近くにいて" Hi no chikaku ni ite. I think that this is better for "火の近くに行って" or "火の近くで"  Please keep doing a good job!! 下手な英語でごめんなさい!m(__)m

October 13, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DestinyCall

いいえ、いいえ。そのことないです。まだ学ぶことがたくさんあります。

Thank you very much. I really appreciate the suggestions. It is very helpful. What would you recommend instead of 天気は冷たいです to describe a cool autumn day? I forgot that 冷たい is used for objects that are cold to the touch rather than for weather conditions.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/N.Scamander

not use 『天気は寒い』・『天気は冷たい』 use 『肌寒い』・『天気が悪い』 Do you know that there is a "metaphor" in Japan? For example ...『冷たい』→『氷のように冷たい』 『寒い』→『体の芯まで冷える』 Please refer to this site↴ https://hyogen.info/scate/589333 All written in Japanese. Give it your all(‘ω‘ )


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/testmoogle

Gah. This is the first one of your Practice Sentences threads there's been anything I've got caught out on! I saw 爽やか and couldn't properly remember that kanji, even though I could tell from context what the meaning of the word was likely to be.

Though 爽 is a 常用漢字, it's one of the 196 字 added to the list in 2010年. The backbone of my kanji knowledge is from Slime Forest Adventure, which was created before 2010年 and teaches 1,945 of the 2,136 字 in the current 常用漢字表.

This thread has shown me I should probably do some more studying of those 196 字 (or at least 191 of them). ^^;


As for typos? What you wrote looks pretty much perfect (as far as I know anyway). The only thing I'd say looks like a typo to me is how you sometimes write the comma different ways.

I would've thought to use just 赤 rather than 赤色. I'm certain either is fine though.

I was surprised 紅葉 is こうよう rather than もみじ. Caused me to go look it up. Turns out there's a preference for using the こうよう reading when talking about the red colour leaves turn in autumn.

木の葉っぱ rather than just 木の葉 (このは) made me wonder which works better too.

It might well be that in all three of those you've made more suitable choices than what I'd have used. ^^


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DestinyCall

Muhahaha .. I finally caught you! :D I'm glad I was able to give you a bit of a challenge. 爽 is not a kanji that I've seen very much either, but I really like it. So cute, like a snowy tree or something.

As for the colors, it is definitely more common to write 赤 with out the 色. I just liked the way it looked with all those 色s. Consider it poetic license.

That sentence about the leaves was by far the hardest one to get right and I went back and forth on it a lot. I ended up sticking with 木の葉っぱ because I got more of a "foliage" sense from it, rather than individual leaves. But I could be completely wrong.

I think I had the most fun working on this set of practice sentences. It reminded me of writing haiku, although I wasn't sticking to a 5/7/5 pattern. There's just something special about trying to capture the essence of a season in a few simple sentences.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Duo_Werner

Thanks a lot for your very poetic practice sentences. I hope we will see the next "season" soon.

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