rano or ranek ?

According to Wiktionary, rano and ranek are synonyms. Is there a difference in usage or a nuance in meaning ?
Thanks !

October 16, 2018


According to Wiktionary ranek is usually very early in the morning, daybreak even, I am told that 11am would not be described as ranek but could be rano. Poranek also means morning but the meaning differs from rano also. Rano means in the morning as in a time of day wheres poranek is used when you want to describe how the morning is, for instance a cold or beautiful morning.

October 16, 2018

I'm a native and for me "rano" is an adverb meaning "in the morning", while "ranek" and "poranek" are nouns meaning "morning". At least this is how I use it, it may depend on the speaker. And indeed for many people 11am would be "przedpołudnie" ("beforenoon") rather than "rano".

As a sidenote: in old Polish poems "rano" means "early", while "jutro" means "in the morning" - it's a bit confusing :)

October 21, 2018


October 17, 2018

Rano: I work in the morning.(Wstaję rano) Poranek or Ranek: The morning is beauty. (Poranek/Ranek jest ładny) Poranek and ranek are romantic words. (novel, poetry)

October 17, 2018

Thank you. Examples are always helpful.

October 17, 2018

Ranek and poranek are dimunitives. You would use them in poetic prose, not in regular speech.

October 19, 2018

I don't agree. First, they are not diminutives. Second, they are sometimes used in speech, maybe not everyday, but it is not purely literary vocabulary.

October 21, 2018

I have found definitions of poranek as "morrow" and "morn", which are english words also not used in everyday speech.
When you say "diminutive", it makes me think of "the wee small hours of the morning".

October 20, 2018

I can't agree. You'd say "Jaki piękny (po)ranek" ("what a beautiful morning") and not "jakie piękne rano". For me (po)ranek is similar to świt (dawn).

October 26, 2018

rano can be used as an adverb or a neuter noun. ranek is a masculine inanimate noun. When rano is used as a noun, it means the same thing as ranek: "the morning". Although as one is neuter, and the other masculine inanimate, the noun endings in different cases won't be the same.

rano (noun) & ranek (noun)

Jest rano/ranek. = It's morning.

Rano/ranek to najlepsza pora dnia = Morning is the best time of the day.

More often rano is used as an adverb that means "in the morning" (cannot be replaced with ranek):

Dzisiaj wstałem wcześnie rano. = I got up early in the morning today.

Jest piąta rano. = It's five in the morning.

If you want to replace rano (in the sense of when) with ranek, you have to use it adverbially:

rano => rankiem (here rankiem can sound a bit weird sometimes, rano is preferred)

dziś/dzisiaj rano => dzisiejszego ranka


Co robiłeś dziś rano / dzisiejszego ranka? = What did you do this morning?

Rano/z rana/ (rankiem) myję zęby. = I brush my teeth in the morning. (rankiem sounds a bit weird here)

Wyjeżdżam w nocy lub wcześnie rano/wczesnym rankiem. = I'm leaving at night or early in the morning.

Overall, in your own speech, I think "rano" is easier and safer to use.

rano and ranek

November 13, 2018
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