https://www.duolingo.com/Kim-SungKyu

여보세요! 나는 김숭규이다!

내 한국어는 좋지 않지만 시도합니다..... I was born in Sweden but moved to Korea to attend SNU (Seoul National University). Duoligo Has helped a lot. 듀오링고 미리 감사드립니다!

-김숭규

October 23, 2018

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Kim-SungKyu

If anyone can help with conjugation rules, I would be thankful!

October 23, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/erik_sand

안녕하세요! 저 에릭이라고 해요. 반가워요. ^^ 도움이 필요하시면 저한테 물어보셔도 됩니다~ If you want to ask me about conjugation rules, I'd be happy to try and help :)

October 24, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Kim-SungKyu

고마워! I don't know when to use 임니다 or 습니다 or even 입니다. Please help. I have no idea the difference between 입니다 and 임니다. Why do they sound similar.

October 24, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/erik_sand

-ㅂ니다 is pronounced more like -ㅁ니다 since the combination of ㅂand ㄴ back to back makes a softer sound like "mn" instead of "bn." This because the ㅂ doesn't have a 모음(vowel) immediately after it to make it voiced.

I think you are writing -ㅂ니다 as -ㅁ니다 because of the way it sounds, but -ㅁ니다 isn't a conjugation form.

To distinguish when to use -ㅂ니다 or -습니다, look at the last sound of the verb stem.

For example, 입니다. 입니다 is the conjugated form of 이다 (to be). If you remove -다, "이" ends in a vowel sound. Since it ends in a vowel sound, you add -ㅂ니다.

Here are some other examples for -ㅂ니다:

하다 -> 합니다

가다 -> 갑니다

계시다 -> 계십니다

On the other hand, if the verb stem ends in a consonant sound, add 습니다.

Examples: 먹다 -> 먹습니다

씻다 -> 씻습니다

닫다 -> 닫습니다

This is also the case for past tense since you are adding -았/었/였 before the ending.

했다 -> 했습니다

갔다 -> 갔습니다

I hope that helped some!!

October 25, 2018
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