https://www.duolingo.com/lindakanga

[GUIDE] Keyboards

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International US keyboard Functions & Alt codes

Imgur

Are you struggling with typing accents from your keyboard ?
Here is an answer for those learning languages that use mostly Latin letters.
Currently this information is for those familiar with the QWERTY keyboard.
I will do another series for other keyboards later.

First off , check out: https://support.duolingo.com/hc/en-us/articles/115002571823-Does-Duolingo-offer-language-specific-keyboards-

This tells you how to load different keyboards in different devices. i.e. it covers selecting different keyboards for a : Windows, or a Mac, or an iPad device.


Operating the Windows International Keyboard

You need to understand about new function keys at your disposal. The common term for them is dead keys

Imgur

The dead keys are highlighted in red. And the Right Alt key in blue.

A dead key is a key that has become a modifier key, that is used to type special characters. The dead key when used in conjunction with another key (or combination of 3 keys) will generate a special character.


I hope if others have any useful tips and advice about keyboards, that you may choose to also share them here. iGuideKeyboards iGuide ιροp

For more information on how to use these function keys, check out one of the other relevant posts:


p.s. I have, since posting this - :sad face: - noticed a couple more things I need to correct with the graphics up here.
- for the letter e - there is a flash of yellow that should appear light orange. ( note the colors conform to Duo recommended color guidelines. see https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/28284738$comment_id=28578222 :P )
- also the Shift key should appear dark blue. Though you need to use the shift key IN CONJUNCTION with the right :alt: key. ...
- and I need to explain that timing of the length that you depress things - changes whether the letter appears as a lower case , or an upper case.

Thank you for your patience as I work out how to graphically - and in words, explain these things.

10/26/2018, 11:23:25 AM

25 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/lindakanga
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Detailed instructions for selecting a keyboard:

  1. Go to the Windows menu.

  2. Select "Control Panel"

  3. Select "Region and Languages"
  4. Select "Keybords and Languages", and select "Change keyboards"


    You will see something similar to this above.
  5. Under the section "Installed services"

    check for "EN English (United States)"
    if this is not selected, then select "English (United States)"

  6. Under "English (United States), then select "Keyboard", and "United States-International"
  7. Then make sure you remember to press the Apply button !
10/26/2018, 11:26:33 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/Roman_Huczok
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The only problem with those is that they're often terrible. The Vietnamese one for example is unusable, it doesn't offer you by far the most common setup of Vietnamese keyboard, I have to use a plugin. Much better to get a specialised plugin or a layout manager

10/27/2018, 5:17:31 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/lindakanga
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A Mac keyboard is very similar to the varieties available for Windows. Above is a photo of one of the common Mac keyboards.
However you will notice that instead of (ALT) keys, the keys are labelled :

Alt
Option

So if you press the (Option) key, and then the letter you are after, the Mac system will bring up a set of optional characters for you to select from.

So for the keys for "question mark" and "explanation mark" , if you press first (Option) and then the (?) or (!) mark, then other options will be displayed.

  • The Exclamation mark is located on the (1) key.
  • The Question mark is located 3 keys to the left of (M)

Thus for, a letter like (e) or (c), if you press first (Option) and then the key, then the system will provide you with options for this character to select.


The iPad works in a similar way. Yet you instead hold your finger on the virtual key you are after, and if there are options, they will be displayed.

This is also similar to how it works for Android.

10/26/2018, 11:26:58 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/Dominic444013

On the mac if you are in British Keyboard and you hold down any of the vowel keys AEIOU you get the option to choose the accented letters.

10/27/2018, 7:55:01 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/lindakanga
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Tables for ALT codes +Int.Keyboard codes

⊕ : or ; alternative commands

Function Keys

  • : the SHIFT key
  • ^ : the circumflex key. Often located on the 6 Key, accessed by SHIFT+^ ; Often described as chevron ; caret. NOTE: For this key, to activate the "dead key" function you need to hold down the ⇫ SHIFT key, and then press the ^ key.
  • ALT : the Alt key. Most keyboards have two ALT keys. If you select a keyboard, such as the U S International Keyboard, the left ALT keys works the same, however the Right ALT (R.ALT) key will perform different functions. On some keyboards this is labelled R.ALT or Alt Gr.
  • APOST : the Apostrophe key '. Often located two keys to the right of the L key on English keyboards.
  • ~ : TILDE and GRAVE ` The GRAVE key is sometimes referred to as the back tick key.
Lowercase Uppercase
Alt '#' KeyBd International CODE Type Alt `#'
0225 á APOST+a ⊕ R.ALT+a acute 0193 Á
0233 é APOST+e ⊕ R.ALT+e acute 0201 É
0237 í APOST+i ⊕ R.ALT+i acute 0205 Í
0243 ó APOST+o ⊕ R.ALT+o acute 0211 Ó
0163 ú APOST+u ⊕ R.ALT+u acute 0218 Ú
0253 ý APOST+y acute 0221 Ý
0231 ç APOST+c ⊕ R.ALT+COMMA cedilla 0199 Ç
0226 â ⇫+^+a circumflex 0194 Â
0234 ê ⇫+^+e circumflex 0202 Ê
0238 î ⇫+^+i circumflex 0206 Î
0244 ô ⇫+^+o circumflex 0212 Ô
0251 û ⇫+^+u circumflex 0219 Û
0223 ß R.ALT+s eszett / section 21 §
0240 ð R.ALT+d eth 0208 Ð
0224 à GRAVE+a grave 0192 À
0232 è GRAVE+e grave 0200 È
0236 ì GRAVE+i grave 0204 Ì
0242 ò GRAVE+o grave 0210 Ò
0249 ù GRAVE+u grave 0217 Ù
0230 æ R.ALT+z ligature 0198 Æ
0227 ã ⇫ + ~ + a tilde 0195 Ã
164 ñ ⇫ + ~ + n ⊕ R.ALT + n tilde 165 Ñ
0245 õ ⇫ + ~ + o tilde 0213 Õ
0228 ä ⇫+APOS+a umlaut 0196 Ä
0235 ë ⇫+APOS+e diaeresis 0203 Ë
0239 ï ⇫+APOS+i diaeresis 0207 Ï
0246 ö ⇫+APOS+o ⊕ R.ALT + p diaeresis 0214 Ö
0252 ü ⇫+APOS+u ⊕ R.ALT+y diaeresis 0220 Ü
0255 ÿ ⇫+APOS+y diaeresis 0159 Ÿ
174 « R.ALT+[ ⊕ ] AngleQuotes 175 »
155 ¢ ⇫ + R.ALT + c cent
0178 R.ALT+5 currency
0169 © R.ALT+c copyright
0164 ¤ R.ALT+4 currency 0163 £
173 ¡ R.ALT+ ! exclamation ⊕ 0161
172 ¼ R.ALT + 6 fraction ⊕ 0188
171 ½ R.ALT + 7 fraction ⊕ 0189
0190 ¾ R.ALT + 8 fraction
20 R.ALT + ' paragraph ⊕0182
168⊕0191 ¿ R.ALT + ? question
0180 R.ALT + 9 ⊕ 0 quotation
174⊕0171 « R.ALT + [ ⊕ ] quotation 175⊕0187 »
0174 ® R.ALT + r reg.mark
170 ¬ R.ALT + \ negation
⇫ + R.ALT + 1 superscript 7417 ⊕ 0185 ¹
0178 ² R.ALT + 2 superscript ⊕253 ⊕ 7421
0179 ³ R.ALT + 3 superscript ⊕ 7420

Frequently used Alt codes not on the US International Keyboard

Lowercase Uppercase
Alt '#' Type Alt `#'
0229 å breve 0197 Å
0156 œ ligature 0140 Œ
0248 ø slashed zero 0216 Ø
0222 Þ thorn 0254 þ

For further Alt codes, I have found this reference useful: https://www.alt-codes.net/

10/26/2018, 11:28:37 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/Jil_C
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Thank you, that is really helpful. I admit to missing out many of the accents when typing, accepted by DL with a note to pay attention to accents. That sounds lazy and at first I thought an error in the system but, picking up on the accents after I'm comfortable with the word has been a good way to learn, for me.

10/26/2018, 4:11:47 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/Usagiboy7
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I've found that I'm the exact opposite. With Spanish, I got very turned around for a while because I began ignoring accents. I might envy you just wee bit ;)

10/27/2018, 1:56:49 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/lindakanga
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It is so wonderful that each of us are different.
That there are soooo many different ways to learn and progress.
That different ways are best for different people.

10/27/2018, 4:29:15 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/MacIomhair
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I still think it would be a good idea to launch an optional full on screen keyboard as part of DL, particularly for languages using other scripts.

10/26/2018, 11:28:40 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/lindakanga
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There is an argument for that, I do agree. However also you nor I have the ability to affect to any great extent the design direction that Duolingo chooses to present its material. Though it does listen to ideas and concepts that are also mentioned in its forums. Though it is rare you will get feedback to propositions made in its forums, in my experience.

There is also the alternate argument, that if you are really learning a language, that you need to learn how to use the typing interface on the devices you have. Be they windows, or ipad or android, or whatever other operating system.
And to learn how to switch from the keyboard in the language you know, to the language you are learning, and then back again.

I mention this not to discredit your proposal, but to suggest there could be also other ways to look at this issue.

10/26/2018, 11:53:56 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/Dominic444013

Chinese Keyboard input, many have had issues with 女 and similar as the pinyin is nü on the chinese keyboard this is achieved using the letter v for the ü. (it is not possible to use the accents usually used for other keyboards).

10/26/2018, 5:28:30 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/lindakanga
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oh now ! There is going to be a challenge for me. I have not yet got my head around the Chinese Keyboard.

10/27/2018, 4:27:21 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/Dominic444013

It's like predictive texting on steroids! One thing to be aware of is sometimes the previous characters change with the following ones (mostly correctly sometimes incorrectly (according to duo)) so don't look for every character to be right as you type. e.g. For every day, typing mei gives first choice 妹 but if instead of choosing choice 4 每 carry on typing tian and you get 每天 automatically. the big problem comes with ta (he, she, it) at the begin of a sentence watch out or more wrong answers. Good luck! 好运。

10/27/2018, 8:46:48 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/Roman_Huczok
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Use a Keyboard Layout Manager

I do ⁊ have never looked back, I can uſe whatever ſetup I like ⁊ not only get ſpecial keys, but alſo older letters ðat I like for writing Engliſh, my typing can match my writing.

10/27/2018, 5:16:12 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/lindakanga
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Interesting. for the link you give, many of the associated pages give a "404" error. So I do not know what to think about this resource that you mention. Also it looks like it will cost money. ( yet even the page on this website that talks about how much it may cost, provides a "404" error.

So I would suggest caution should be taken when using - possibly this resource.
However this comment is not seeking to discredit in anyway the advice that Roman_Huczok is suggesting here.
Yet I do advise caution is best to be observed by the community in general.

10/27/2018, 10:26:39 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/Roman_Huczok
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I wasn't sure which one it was, I thought that it was probably that one because it looked similar, but maybe it wasn't. I've removed the link now.

EDIT: Here's a link to the one that I use, posted by myself. I can promise everyone that it's safe, but of course, scan anything that you're going to put on your machine.

https://www.mediafire.com/file/gagrbfauth413u1/klm2000Demo64.zip/file

10/28/2018, 11:21:57 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/Tink629986
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Thanks for the great work @lindakanga :)

In the unlikely event that any Linux-users stumble upon this: Here a "desktop environment"/"window manager" agnostic command line way to enable a US intl. keyboard layout w/ compose keys:

/usr/bin/setxkbmap -model pc105 -layout us -variant altgr-intl -option nodeadkeys,compose:caps

If you do find yourself actually using caps, like for yelling at people in emails or chats, feel free to redefine that in the line above (doco on the respective names of other suitable keys can be found in (on debian/ubuntu based systems) man xkeyboard-config.

Having enabled the setting above the combo Shift-Caps-~ followed by n e.g. gives ñ. Shift-Caps-" followed by u gives ü, Shift-Caps-, followed by c gives č and so forth.
If there's any interest at all I can produce a more complete list of things one can produce that way.

10/28/2018, 7:50:54 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/El-Panadero

For Windows 10, I found these notes from a comment* on Microsoft's website helpful for finding the United States-International keyboard:

Go to "Control Panel\Clock, Language, and Region\Language" click on English (United States) ... "options", then "Add an input method", search for [QWERTY] United States-International Touch Keyboard layout (in my case) or similar; then "Add".

Once it shows up the international sort, REMOVE the default English input method.

You should be able then to do ñ, á é í ó ú in no time by pressing first the accent and then the letter

Then hold Ctrl and Alt + ! to make ¡ Then hold Ctrl and Alt + ? to make ¿

*Pablo Riestra's comment from June 18, 2013: https://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/windows_8-desktop/how-to-use-the-united-states-international/dc19f943-48a0-49e8-9d7b-71d8ce898737

1/31/2019, 7:07:37 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/C_R_A_Z-Y1273

How do you do screenshots?

10/26/2018, 6:35:37 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/lindakanga
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10/26/2018, 8:44:31 PM
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