Verbs of movement - foes or enemies. ( A handful of grammar for those who miss it on duolingo :))
Imagine you want to tell your Polish friend about your travel to Asia. You flew there, you took a boat, you swam in the cristal clean sea, you rode a bicycle on a tiny island and the only verb you can remember is IŚĆ!
You friend tries to help you prompting you with all these crazy words like : PRZYJŚĆ, POJECHAĆ, WYPŁYNĄĆ, ODLECIEĆ, DOJŚĆ... You feel frustrated and maybe even dizzy...
But do these verbs of movement with all the prefixes have to be so irritating?
They don't if you can put them in order. In an organised way you can learn everything. I will teach you here how to use 3 basic verbs which all mean " to go". :
*(All the given verbs express rather walking not just going when the context doesn't provide any mean of transportation)
CHODZIĆ - this one you can use when you walk somewhere frequently or when you go for a course, to a gym - you do some regular activity.
Chodzę do kościoła. - I go to church. (not now - frequently or I am a member of the church).
Verb chodzić is imperfect.
IŚĆ - you can use it in progressive walking. When you want the interlocutor to focus on the action itself, not the destination or the result. You can use it with phrases like "teraz" - now. You can also use it to express sure future.
Teraz nie mogę rozmawiać, bo idę do pracy. - I cannot talk now because I'm going to work. (on foot) Jutro idę do kina z Adamem. - I'm going to the cinema with Adam tomorrow!
Verb iść is imperfect too.
PÓJŚĆ - you can use it to express a completed action when you want to stress on the result of the action.
Poszedłem do sklepu, ale był zamknięty. - I went to the shop but it was closed. Poszliśmy do teatru, a potem do restauracji. - We went to the theater and then to the restaurant.
Verb pójść is perfect.
Unfortunatelly this is just the beginning but I would like to invite you to take part in the e-mail course I've created. You can find it on my website: www.polskidaily.eu/kurs-czasowniki-ruchu. I explain everything about verbs of movement in recordings, handouts and I also included interactive and printable exercises :) Powodenia!
If you have any questions or comment, please don't hesitate to write them in the comments! I'll answer them for sure!