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  5. "Je suis un homme calme."

"Je suis un homme calme."

Translation:I am a calm man.

April 2, 2013



So, adjectives go directly after the noun they're supposed to describe? Like "pomme rouge" (red apple). Will it go a bit more in depth with how sentences are structured in later lessons?


In my high school class, we learned about the exceptions to this rule. Certain adjectives are placed before the noun, some which you can memorize with the acronym "BAGS":

Beauty  Age  Good and bad  Size


Yes, there are specific cases where the adjective is placed in front of the noun. Maybe you will want to know more about adjective placement: http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/adjectives_4.htm


No, it can be either after of before. For a COLOR, the rule is that is always AFTER the qualified nouns. You can emphasize an adjective by changing its place. Une fille jolie, une jolie fille. (= a pretty girl)


Ironically, I was yelling "Je suis un homme calme." , because the mic couldn't hear me.


'homme' is masculine, why do I have to use 'calme'?


adjective "calme" is similar in feminine and masculine, both in singular (calme) and plural (calmes)


Calme is masculine and since you can't add an "e" to it, it has already one, it's also feminine. Un homme calme/une femme calme.


Why is the last s silent? I thought that if the t or the s is followed by a vowel it is pronounced. For example in french class we watched the talking pineapple say "Je suis une anana" the s before une would be pronounced.


You should always hear and say "je suis-Z-un...", the liaison is very welcome (the lady is wrong).

"Un ananas" is masculine and with an -s ending, even in singular.


You mean: "je suis un ananas". (je-sui-zun-na-na-na) Je suis un homme calme: yes, you're right, it's recommended to pronounce it (but sometimes it's not): je-sui-zun-nôm


In this case adjective is at the end "je suis un homme calme" also how can i differenciate between Iam and I'm?


Iam doesn't exist in English. I am = I'm.


What's the difference between L'homme and homme?


the man vs man


@Sitesurf, In this sentence has un and homme elided?


No, there is no elision with "un" since there is no vowel conflict, you just stick them together "un-N-homme"

An elision consists of dropping a vowel and replacing it by an apostrophe "l'homme" instead of "le-homme" (vowel sound conflict).


Understood! I posed the question because it seemed as if, in the audio clip, those 2 words have been elided.


This sentence means I am a calm man right?? So..does.. Je suis une femme calme mean I am a calm woman??


Yes Je suis une femme calme means I am a calm women because they have the same words but it has the different word femme


What does suis mean


"suis" means "am": je suis = I am


Why is it that the male Duo voice seems to pronounce trailing e's (like in femme, pomme, calme, une with something like a brief schwa) while the female voice doesn't? Should I be saying 'pom' or 'pom-uh'?


What you hear is the French schwa, which is generally the sign of clear enunciation.

Also, people in the southwest of France tend to use it more than others.



Why does 'calme' sound like 'œ' at the end?


This is a schwa, used when you add a sound to not 'suspend' a consonant sound:



How is it pronounced calme? Calm or calme


"calm" is what you should hear. If you heard an extra "uh" sound at the end, it is a schwa.



Male audio: Je suis un homme(uh) calme-uh.


I was curious about that, too. So, I looked up the pronunciation on the FORVO site. It seems that people from certain areas pronounce the final "e". Speakers on FORVO from Bretagne and Aquitaine pronounced the final "e". I think Duolingo is trying to show us different acceptable French pronunciations. Anyway, pronouncing the finale "e" is more in line with the spelling. (Look at that as a gift to remember how to correctly spell the words. : ) I also wonder if pronouncing the final "e" is a more ancient way of pronouncing the words before "phonetic drift" took place.


I have a question. When the man says it, it sounds like calmu. Is that just me or what?


cant this also mean, I am a calm human being?


No. When you say "je suis un homme", you indicate your gender. If you want to use "homme" as human being", it will be in general sentences.


I thought adjectives ended in "e" only when they were feminine...


No, almost. when a masculine adjective ends with "e", it remains the same at the femine form. French language doesn't like the words ended with consonants, except when the consonants are inside a phoneme as "on" by example.


Why does calme come after homme?


85% of French adjectives are placed after the noun.


Why "I am calming down a man" is wrong?


"calme" is an adjective here, not a verb.

the sentence is about defining what the person is, not what he does.

"I am calming down a man" = je calme (or: je suis en train de calmer) un homme.


Thanks for the help!


In this case the spelling is 'calme' Are there cases where the spelling is 'calm'? and if so, when?


no, the masculine singular form already has an ending -e.

fyi, there are hundred of adjectives with an ending -e in masculine:

here are a few: vide, fade, dupe, rare, âcre, apre, pire, sage, sage, fixe,pauvre, large, calme, arabe, tiède, raide, acide, aride, avide, beige, belge, rouge, riche, moche, sale, ovale, noble, frêle, drôle, ample, digne, terne, jaune, avare, sobre, obèse, dense, lisse, leste, juste, vague, brave...


Will i really speak or read french like a pro with help of this app? If no, please suggest me a better app or link. Thank you, will have my gratitude.


This Q and A section is definitely helping a lot, most of the apps ive tried dont have the function of free listening, so i think this one is pretty good


Why does homme/man come before calme/calm? Is there a rule for when a noun and an adjective like that are switched around?


The rule is that in French, adjectives come after the noun.

  • a calm man = un homme calme
  • a red apple = une pomme rouge

Exceptions are not many (15%) but they apply to very frequent adjectives expressing notions of Beauty, Age, Number, Goodness and Size, known as BANGS.

This is explained in the Tips and Notes in the Adjectives1 unit.

Please also take a look here:




Thank you very much.


Je suis un homme calme= I am a calm man.


When I speak, to get it to sound correct, I breath out a lot when saying the sentence.

Does anybody else do this?


i have problems with the use of ´´Vous¨¨, it is difficult to determine when i can use


"vous" is a personal pronoun meaning "you".

In French, "vous" can be singular to address someone formally, when you don't know that person well.

Also, as in English, "vous" can be addressed to 2 or more people.


Why is je suis un homme clame not je suis un calme homme it feels backwards


It is backwards because it is French.

In English, adjectives come before the noun and in French they come after the noun (but there are exceptions).


Why is it not "je suis un calme homme?", sorry is it's a stupud question


"calme" is a regular adjective, so it has to be placed after the noun (like 85% of all French adjectives).


It does not make sense


why not?

"Je suis un" - I am a "homme calme" - calm man

"homme calme" means "calm man" because most french adjectives are after the subject. the subject here is "homme" (man) and the adjective is "calme" (calm).


So you put the adjective after the noun?


At first i could not tell if it said " I am a man calm" or if it said" I am a calm man " But now I know that it says " I am a calm man"


I've never heard someone say in English "I am a calm man". You would more likely hear "I'm a peaceful man" or "I'm a quiet man" or "I'm a reasonable man". I know they are not exact translations, but they are actually used to convey the same meaning, often followed by "but, I ....."


When do you know when to use l' or le before a noun to indicate "the"?


Whenever the following word starts with a vowel or a mute H:

  • l'enfant (m), l'oignon (m), l'eau (f)
  • l'homme (m), l'hôtel (m), l'idée (f)


When do use "une" and "un"?


Une= "a" for feminine nouns (ex. fille, pomme de terre, femme, pizza) Un= "a" for masculine nouns (ex. garçon, livre, homme, enfant)

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