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  5. "František, whose bird is it?"

"František, whose bird is it?"

Translation:Františku, čí je to pták?

November 3, 2018



Please do not report any more issues with the audio of the word ČÍ. See https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/28047586 instead


What about "Františku, čí je TEN pták?" Is it incorrect?


It is accepted, because the hypothetically closer "Whose is that bird?" is not natural in English.


"Čí je to pták?" = "Kenen lintu se on?" (Whose bird is it?) - we can also use different (but less common) word orders here: "Čí pták je to?" or "Čí pták to je?"

"Čí je ten pták?" = "Kenen se lintu on?" (Whose is that bird?) - this works in Czech and Finnish, but not in English (it would have to be rephrased as "Who does that bird belong to?" which is a different sentence - "Komu patří ten pták?")

But I'm sure you know this well by know - 11 months after you asked the question :)


As someone (crazy enough to) do Czech and Finnish course at the same time, this is super helpful! Kiitos, děkuji. :)


Ei kestä!

Some things are eerily similar though:

  • Czech: Auto pípá.
  • Finnish: Auto piippaa.
  • English: The car is beeping.

  • Czech: No jo.
  • Finnish: No joo.
  • English: Well yeah.



Is it Frantisku because it is in the Vocative case?


Yes, when you address or call someone (you can imagine saying "hey" in front of the name), you always use the vocative. So "František" becomes "Františku".


why "františku, čí to je ptak?" is not accepeted?


I think its grammatically correct to say Frantisku (with a capital because it is a name) ci je to ptak makes more sense.


More sense than what?


My question is: why "je to" is a yes and "to je" is a no?


It is less common, but it is possible. I will add it.


Ok, thanks. But most of all thanks for the great job yuo are doing here. I will never be thankful enough.


Would it be possible to say "františku, to je čí pták?"


It's possible, although somewhat uncommon. Interrogative pronouns (i.e. question words such as who, what, when, whose) normally come first in the sentence. You can stress them by moving them towards the end, but then you also need a suitable accompanying intonation. "To je čí pták?" with the melody peaking on "čí". Or even "Ten pták je čí?!" - this sounds impatient or agitated.


Is it possible to say "Frantisku, ci ptak je"?


No, that would be like saying "Whose bird is?"

You need "to je"/"je to" there, OR you need to point at the bird: "ten pták". So there are many options: "čí je to pták?" "čí to je pták?" čí pták je to?" "čí pták to je?" "čí je ten pták?" "čí ten pták je?"

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