What is the difference between גבר and איש ?

in my Hebrew classes at the university I learned "איש" as man but Duolingo teaches "גבר " as man.

November 3, 2018


Israeli here. While איש is still male, it is in fact more gender neutral, kinda like "person" or "human". גבר is more gendered. When someone says "be tough, be a man", it would be translated to "תהיה קשוח תהיה גבר". When someone says "be a good man", it would be translated to "תהיה איש טוב" or "תהיה בן אדם טוב"

November 3, 2018

Note: I did here the mistake of translating imperative "be" into תהיה and not into היה. This is a common Israeli mistake that's become half idiomatic already, using second person future as imperative instead of imperative.

November 3, 2018

I dont know why we all do it, but I suspect the reason is because imperative sounds more rude and in writing it looks exactly like passive participle (but sounds differently, i.e. Ktuv and Ktov are both כתוב)

November 3, 2018

It's actually not a mistake to use future for imperative. See here:

"שאלת השימוש בעתיד בתפקיד ציווי היא בעיקרה שאלה של סגנון."

November 5, 2018

Thank you very much!

November 4, 2018
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