1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Hawaiian
  4. >
  5. "Is Kaʻiulani your name?"

"Is Kaʻiulani your name?"

Translation:ʻO Kaʻiulani kou inoa?

November 9, 2018



The 'O precedes proper names and often pronouns.


Beginner here. This is the seventh sentence of this type for me. Can someone tell me if this right: 'o wai is who/what; inoa is name; ko'u is my but kou is your; and kona is his/her? What is the grammatical function of 'O before the names? Mahalo.


It has no translation at all in English. It is a required word in Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages for certain grammatical situations. In this case, it is to start a "verbless" sentence with a definite noun (the ...) , proper noun, or the interrogative wai.


Is there a rule to use E or O in front of a name?


The word e is used before a name when you are addressing that person or calling out to that person-

Hey Kaleo! = E Kaleo!


Aia ke keiki i ka lumi kuke, e Kaleo. = The child is in the kitchen, Kaleo.

‘O/‘o before a name is for other occasions, specifically when it's the subject of a sentence, or at the start of a verbless sentence, like the question in the prompt.

‘Ai ‘o Kaleo i ka mai‘a. = Kaleo eats the banana.

‘O Kaleo ko‘u inoa. = My name is Kaleo.


So how do you convey the question "is ka'iulani your name" versus the declarative "Ka'iuani is your name"? ( besides the question mark - and if spoken is there an inflection like in English?)


They really are both the same syntax, there is no real differentiation. If you want to make a declarative, you could do a tag question as one option - ‘O Ka‘iulani kou inoa, ‘a‘ole anei?


A typo in my answer, when Duolingo provided the answers, amazing.


You possibly forgot the apostroph in the name Ka'iulani and also before the o ('o)?

Learn Hawaiian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.