https://www.duolingo.com/profile/linjolene1

du

"il y a du soleil" why we use "du" there ?

November 19, 2018

12 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeeBrownst1

In this case, "le soleil" does not mean the star we call the sun, but instead it means "sunshine." As such it is a mass (uncountable) noun, and so requires the partitive "de". See "https://www.lawlessfrench.com/grammar/partitive-article/".

The same with "brouillard", "brume", "neige", "pluie" and "vent".

November 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/linjolene1

I also saw the expression " il y a beaucoup de soleil" why it is "de" instead of "du" here?

November 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MaryAnne993219

Because "beaucoup" is followed by "de" or "d'" and that's all.

November 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jkidder

Whenever there is an adverb involved, it always reverts to 'de'.

beaucoup de
pas de
trop de
assez de
etc.

November 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Camilla-danesa

It is the same as you would say "there is some bread" = il y a du pain. "Du" means "some" or "some of" or "something from" .

November 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/linjolene1

I also saw the expression " il y a beaucoup de soleil" why it is "de" instead of "du" here?

November 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jkidder

Because of the adverb "beaucoup". Whenever there is an adverb involved, it reverts to "de".

November 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Camilla-danesa

because "du" means I am talking about the specific sun. "La lumiere vient du soleil" "du" = "de" + "le"

use "de" when you say how much of something: "beacoup de..." / "un peu de..."

some sunlight, some bread, some fog, some sugar.

November 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DestinySurviver

From my understanding, du in most cases means some as well as de la, des and de l'. So basically Il translates "There is some sun" but we are used to saying "There is sun" instead. But this is not the case if there is an adverb right before the du then you'd use de, which of course means of like the sentence "Il y a beaucoup de soleil" for example translates to "There is a lot of sun" Hope it helps

November 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dauphix

du = de le

November 20, 2018
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