"Her father's name is Peter."

Translation:उसके पिता का नाम पीटर है।

November 20, 2018

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Why is it उसके not उसका?


'उसके पिता' is in the oblique case. This is when a noun is an object of a postposition (in this case का). The oblique form of उसका is उसके.

[deactivated user]

    Could you please explain in other words and give examples - I do not understand at all terms like "oblique case", "postposition" etc.


    Prepositions and postpositions are parts of speech which indicate various relations between nouns and other parts of a sentence.

    In English, we use prepositions like 'in', 'for', until', 'from' and so on. These are called prepositions because they come before the noun they are connected to. For example, 'in India', 'for Neha', 'until today'. These nouns (or noun phrases like in 'from my house') that come after the prepositions are called objects of the prepositions.

    On the other hand, Hindi uses postpositions which come after the noun they are connected to (ie, their object). For example, 'भारत से', 'नेहा केलिए', 'आज तक', 'मेरे घर से' etc where ' से, केलिए, तक, से are postpositions and 'भारत', 'नेहा', 'आज', 'मेरे घर' are nouns/noun phrases that are their objects.

    Such nouns that are objects of postpositions in Hindi are said to be in the 'oblique case' and may have a different form than normal. I have written a bit more about the oblique case here.

    [deactivated user]

      Thank you so much, that helped a lot!


      can't it be as well because पिता is "formal" ?


      Yes. That too.


      Do you know why it is उसके पिता, not उसके पिते?


      पिता and other words referring to male relatives like दादा, मामा, चाचा etc are exceptions to the rule that masculine nouns ending in ा get a े in the oblique case. The oblique case form of पिता is पिता itself.


      Of course, a grammatical exception XD. Thank you, I was confused.


      Difference between उसका and उनका ?


      उसका is his/her (referring to a single person) and उनका is their (referring to multiple people). However, उनका can also be used for a single person when you are being respectful


      Why उसके पिता के नाम पीटार है isn't accepted ? के for respect ?


      The का agrees with नाम which is singular. The respectful plural is only for words referring to people so it doesn't apply to नाम.


      Wow, vinay92, you really are helpful. Thank you!


      Why isn't

      उसके बाप का नाम पीटर है।



      It should be. You can report it if you see it again.


      For me it only shower उसका as an option but isn't that wrong in this case? I'm confused..


      Is it wrong to say इसके पिता का नाम... ?


      Why cant it be "unkii" or "unke"


      Unkii or unke are used when there are more than one people are referred. Example: who is their father? You have to answer using unki or unke. Here we are talking about just her/his father, hence uske

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