"We are eating an apple."
Translation:Wir essen einen Apfel.
You know how in English we say
I love her instead of I love she ? I love them instead of I love they ? I love whom instead of I love who ?
Well that's the closest we get to the accusative case in English. Germans have a them, him, her etc , but they also have this similar case for their definite and indefinite articles (the,a , an). If you have a feel for this in English, you'll know how to use it in German.
Some languages like Chinese completely lack this so the way I would explain it to them is that "if you want to say they at the end of your sentence, use them".
It all boils down to the language structure. English is an svo language meaning the subjeCt (causer) of the action comes first in the sentence. This is the subjective case. Then the action is described (verb). Then the object is described (the thing the action is acted upon ), which is the objective casee.
In the objective case you don't always need to have an accusative especially of you are not talking about anything specific
I hate apples wouldnt have apples in the accusative case. I hate the apple would have "THE apple " in the accusative case if translated to German because we are now talking about a specific apple.
I hate him esentially means " I hate this specific male person"
There's probably some rules about genders but I forgot a lot of my German. I'm sure you can find information about that in the tips and hints of the "accusative" skill on the Duolingo website . :)
Okay, in English, you can say "we are eating" or you can say "we eat" . They are both the verb "to eat" in the present tense. In German and many other languages, you just have one present tense, "wir essen" and it is used to say both our English ideas.
So in the sentence "we are eating," the subject we = wir, and the verb "are eating" = essen.
You have to know that in English when you say "I am walking" or "we are eating, " we are not using two verbs, we are using just one verb tense (with an auxiliary). So in german there is just one verb, essen, Not sein and essen.
Let's break the sentence down in English. "We eat an apple." The structure is "Subject + Verb + Indefinite Article + Direct Object" Okay so far? It is important to understand what a Direct Object is. (What do we eat? The apple. )
In German, we show which word is the Direct Object in a sentence by doing something a little strange to the article that modifies it. (The word "an" goes with the word "apple", and so this is the word where we will see a change). We are going to change "ein Apfel", and we are going to make it "einen Apfel" . Why? Because for this sentence, "an apple" is the Direct Object. This will be called the Accusative Declination as you'll see in future lessons.
When the noun is a Masculine noun, like 'ein Apfel' , you will see "einen Apfel" for the Accusative. When the noun is a Feminine noun, like 'eine Lampe' , you will see "eine Lampe" for the Accusative. When the noun is a Neutral noun, like 'ein Auto' , you will see "ein Auto" for the Accusative.
Whenever there's a word that modifies the Direct Object, this change will occur. (The apple, my apple, red apple, no apple, etc. )
Can I ask English here? Since I'm not native English speaker, so I have a question about the sentence "We are eating an apple". What does it mean? Does it mean like everyone of us are eating an apple (Everyone got their own apple) or it means everyone of us are sharing an apple and eating it together? Thanks :)