https://www.duolingo.com/ElijahCFGolpe

Hawaiian and Cebuano

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Aloha kākou!

So if you're unfamiliar with me, I am on the forums a lot talking about the language Cebuano/Bisaya (the second most spoken Philippine language) because it's my heritage language. I am not Hawaiian, and Filipinos are not considered Pacific Islanders according to many geographers (which makes no sense imho because we share so much language with people as far as Hawaii!).

For example, in many Philippine languages, the default syntax is also VSO. And the numbers 1-9?

Hawaiian Cebuano/Bisaya
'Ekahi Isa
'Elua Duha
'Ekolu Tulo
'Ehā Upat
'Elima Lima (My favorite Austronesian Number)
'Eono Unom
'Ehiku Pito
'Ewalu Walo
'Eiwa Siyam

And the third person singular pronoun?
ia in Hawaiian
And in Cebuano, there are four ways of saying it, but the BASE of them all is: iya (Siya, Niya, Iya(ha)ng, Kaniya)
There is no gender distinction in either language with these pronouns.

Cebuano/Bisaya has Austronesian Alignment (which is kind of one of the many variations of Split Ergativity). Hawaiian is no longer such, it's more so another form of Ergative-Absolutive Alignment if I remember correctly. Hawaiian, as far as I know, no longer uses case markers and topic markers, then changes its verbs according to such; had it ever. But they're still so similar in grammar!

In Hawaiian, you could say: "Aia au i ka hane." I'm at the house.
In Cebuano, you would say: "Naa koy sa balay."
"Aia" and "Naa" both are used for some sort of placement or existence in a place. "Au" and "ko" (exclude the 'y' for another Cebuano discussion) both mean "I" the first person singular. With "i ka" and "sa" both give this vibe of "in/at/on". And finally, "hane" and "balay" both mean "house."

That's as much as I can remember and write down to mention for the similarities between both languages. I think it's super cool and interesting, and I'm glad that it feels easier for me to learn Hawaiian because of my background in Cebuano/Bisaya.

I hope you enjoyed this post! Mahalo for reading this far if you did. Mālama pono!

3 months ago

2 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/JessePaedia
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They are both Austronesian languages, so they would definitely share vocabulary and grammar structures. This comparison is interesting, thanks for sharing. :)

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MARYANN34585

Same Lima/Elima is my favorite number, because in pidgin (butchered hawaiian) it's butt. My anty's would always say they would hit my butt if i didn't listen xD Anyways, I just recently found out that on my grandma's side, she is from cebu. I want to at least pay respects to that by learning beginner level bisaya. Sadly, i can't find anything since Austronesian languages are preferably taught by immersion and word of mouth. Do you have any suggestions for what resources i can use?

4 weeks ago
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