https://www.duolingo.com/Ash.Purple

The longest Italian word: Precipitevolissimevolmente

26 letters. 11 syllables.

Precipitevolissimevolmente:

Meaning: In a hasty way.

Adverb.

November 28, 2018

25 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Ash.Purple

psiconeuroendocrinoimmunologia doesn't count as a normal word in my opinion. In English you have medical and chemical names with thousands of letters.

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/CivisRomanus

You are right, compound words should not count as a single word.
However, also precipitevolissimevolmente is based on an 'exxageration' of the adjective precipitevole, which is already extremely rare (never in my life I heard it spoken in an actual conversation, nor have I ever encountered it in a text), in absolute superlative form (→ precipitevolissimo), which is even more unlikely to be used.

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Linda7Italian

Thinks: Incommensurabile is enuff for me;-)

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/CivisRomanus

That's much more common!
Especially since you have been using it in Duolingo. :-D

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/MT.italy

In realtà il superlativo corretto dell'avverbio "precipitevolmente" sarebbe "precipitevolissimamente".
"Precipitevolissimevolmente" fu coniato per esigenze poetiche (nel 1677 da Francesco Moneti):

... perché alla terra alfin torna repente
precipitevolissimevolmente.

A tutt'oggi è nota, perché è considerata la parola più lunga del vocabolario e, come tale, viene insegnata ai bambini delle Scuole Elementari (almeno, spero che sia ancora così!).

Mi è capitato di sentirla, e di usarla, nella citazione del proverbio:

«chi troppo in alto sal cade sovente
precipitevolissimevolmente»

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/RybakVictor

In Russia questo proverbio sovente è messo nei libri per studenti chi studia italiano per mostrare proprio questa parola lunga.

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/CivisRomanus

Un lingotto a te per il dotto intervento! :-)

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/MT.italy

:-P

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Joseph297228

blinks

blinks again

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Emy__3

Ciao Ash.Purple, I want to tell you precipitevolissimevolmente is no longer considered the longest word since the last century, at the moment they exist longer words such as:

  • anticostituzionalissimamente (from anticostituzionale - unconstitutional),

  • incontrovertibilissimamente (from incontrovertibilmente - unquestionably),

  • particolareggiatissimamente (from particolareggiato - detailed).

They all are rare words in the everyday language, because the pronunciation is difficult for Italians too!

Regarding precipitevolissimevolmente , this is a word that expresses playfulness and irony...but it's used especially in the world of comedy, poetry, art in general. As MTItaly mentioned, Francesco Moneti invented this word in 1677 writing this great work:

Come gonfio pallon, che spesso balza

quando è caduto, e vien gettato al piano,

o che talor verso le stelle incalza

di esperto giocator possente mano,

e da tal forza spinto assai s’inalza

verso del cielo, ed il fermarsi è vano,

perché alla terra alfin torna repente

precipitevolissimevolmente.

(from La Corona convertita by Francesco Moneti)

He was a literate friar lover of satire. The subject of this section of La Cortona convertita is human pride,la superbia umana, here it was used a ball as a metaphor...a ball that is thrown into the air and that is always destined to return to the ground, because, as I interpret it, pride makes people believe they are above everything and everyone, but it's only an illusion. So that word was perfect to express this symbolic fall.

Many famous authors used it after F.Moneti, for example Carlo Goldoni and before him Andrea Casotti (note: the proverb mentioned by MTItaly comes from A.Casotti - "La Celidora"- his words became a proverb).

Its peculiarity is that it's an adverb with an anomalous superlative degree, because it should be:

precipitevolmente ->precipitevolissimamante

but he wanted to create an hendecasyllable for poetic reasons, so precipitevolissimevolmente .

Clearly this adverb comes from:

the adjective precipitevole -> from the verb precipitare -> from latin praecipitare, to fall.

Really, before Moneti, Dante Alighieri already invented a longer adverb:

sovramagnificentissimamente

but this is a compound word (adverb which comes from the adjective sovramagnificentissimo sovra - magnificentissimo, very sumptuous).

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Joseph297228

loved reading this, Emy!

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Emy__3

Thanks Joseph! I'm glad you liked it...sometimes a "simple" word hides a world!

Yesterday I looked for the longest word in English, as for BE I found a town name (UK):

Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch

58 letters, they say it's also the longest town name in the world...I thought it was a joke! : )

I also found the adverb:

antidisestablishmentarianistically

(about a political position - 34 letters) Anche voi "siete messi bene"...You also have very long words!

November 29, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Joseph297228

You're welcome, Emy! :) And I knew about the town name, lol, but not that adverb. That's crazy, lol

November 30, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/pettirossocinque

Yeah, it's in Wales. A friend of mine from there said it, and my jaw almost hit the floor.

December 3, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Emy__3

Instead I thought it was a fake information. It takes the oxygen cylinder to pronounce it

: D

December 3, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/pettirossocinque

Esattamente! :D

December 4, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/CivisRomanus

Anche a te un lingotto per l'erudito commento!! :-)

Su "anticostituzionalissimamente" e "incontrovertibilissimamente" si potrebbe obiettare che qualcosa è anticostituzionale o incontrovertibile, oppure non lo è; l'uso del superlativo assoluto con questi aggettivi non ha molto senso.
Ma con "particolareggiato" i gradi di comparazione sono del tutto legittimi, compreso il superlativo (e poi l'avverbio derivato).

@Linda: ricordi particolareggiatissimo? :-)

November 29, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Emy__3

Sei molto carino, grazie! : ) Siccome sono come S. Tommaso, sono andata a cercare se fosse davvero la parola più lunga e mi sono saltate fuori quelle! Il dizionario diceva "in modo incontrovertibilissimo" e "in modo molto contrario alla Costituzione". Purtroppo non sono riuscita a risalire a chi le abbia utilizzate, so solo che sono state scoperte da un certo Don Anacleto Bendazzi.

November 29, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Leviair

Very nice read, but it is "La CorTona convertita". Cortona is a town in Umbria

December 1, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Emy__3

Yeah :) Thanks, I live near Umbria more or less.

December 3, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/brigan0

Hi, you can help me to improve my English?

December 2, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Plazation

What a beautiful word.

November 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/naval_muffin

i, for one, am alarmed O_o

November 29, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/cyncooper

very interesting! Let's not be too hasty in our learning. but just for fun, watch the video for: Prisencólinensináinciúsol.

December 9, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/LlamasintheMist

I like this!

But it's not redundantly long is it? There is no shorter word that means the same thing or it doesn't have redundant morphemes like "antidesestablishmentarianism"? Just say "establishmentarianism"...

May 16, 2019
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