"Kaʻiulani loves ʻawa."

Translation:Puni ʻo Kaʻiulani i ka ʻawa.

December 5, 2018

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What does 'Awa mean?


It is also the name of the plant which produces the drink. The version we use in English "Kava" comes from Tongan which is a closely related language that often uses k where Hawaiian uses ' and writes v where Hawaiian writes w. So Tongan kava is the exact same word as Hawaiian 'awa. It is a little confusing that the English sentence uses the Hawaiian spelling even though many English speakers use the Tongan word, but I imagine that in Hawai'i the Hawaiian word is often used even in English. In a search engine, you are more likely to find helpful results with the spelling "kava".

[deactivated user]

    Kava-a slightly narcotic drink once used in formal ceremonies but now consumed more casually.


    What's the purpose of " 'o " in the sentence, does it mark the subject?


    Basically, yes, but it is only used with proper nouns, the pronoun ia, and the question word wai. All other nouns and pronouns don't get marked when they are the subject.


    What about ʻO ka mea hea kou makemake? https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/32855118

    Why the ʻo there?


    That is not really a verb-subject-object sentence, so it's a little different. There the 'O is used to mark that it's an equivalence (copular) sentence which doesn't include an indefinite and it is used to start the sentence regardless of whether the first element of the equation is a general noun, a proper noun, or even a pronoun. When you see a sentence start with that, you know that there are going to be two noun phrases and that the sentence is saying that those two things basically describe the same thing. So in your example, "what thing = your desire?"


    Can anyone explain why ka'iulani comes after puni?


    In this instance, "puni" is acting as the verb and in Hawaiian the verb comes first. Then following the verb should be the grammatical subject - the one doing the action of the verb. Who is doing the "loving" in this case? Ka‘iulani. So we have, "Puni ‘o Ka‘iulani". Then, finally, you add the grammatical object - the thing the action is done to. What is it that Ka‘iulani loves? Kava. So we get the final sentence above.


    This explanation helped so much. I wish the lessons would include the reasons for. Like maybe a drop down menu that explains the grammar like this comment. (Verb• grammatical subject• Grammatical object) Got it


    The Hawaiian course does have some Tips, but they are not available on the apps. The Hawaiian Tips are not very extensive, but I think they do explain the above. You can still read the Tips on your mobile device, but you have to use your mobile browser instead of the app. You can find the Tips by following the link to https://www.duolingo.com/learn


    I wrote Puni 'o Ka'iulani ia 'awa, and was marked correct.


    How comes it is KA 'Awa and not KE 'Awa?


    Because the ‘okina counts as a letter and not a grammatical mark. Thus the word begins with an ‘okina and not the letter "a". So you use "ka", not "ke".


    I tried the followingbut was marked wrong. Puni ʻawa ʻo Kaʻiulani


    Right. The subject follows the verb and the object comes after the subject and gets marked with "i".

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