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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BarboViro

Accusative with nations?

Often the correct way to write the name of the nation in relation to a verb appears to be to not use the accusative on here, but one example: "Mi ŝatas viziti Japanion.", I've repeatedly found is both different to this and I keep getting wrong (I wrote "Mi ŝatas viziti Japanio"). Is this because Japan as it relates to the idea of an "old world" country? Or is there something else I'm missing? Dankon!

December 9, 2018

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Franz-Ebersburg

"Mi ŝatas viziti Japanion" estas en ordo. Viziti estas transitiva vorto kaj bezonas akuzativon.

December 9, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carbsrule

It's just the normal accusative, and applies to every country (they're nouns, after all). Could you provide examples of where you've seen a country as a direct object where the accusative has been missing?

December 9, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BarboViro

One I just encountered: "Multaj poloj loĝas en Usono."

December 10, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Franz-Ebersburg

Bona! En ordo!

December 10, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carbsrule

'Loĝi' is an intransitive verb, so there's no direct object, so you don't use the accusative.

If it were about visiting the US, you'd still write "Mi vizitas Usonon".

December 10, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salivanto

"en Usono" is a prepositional phrase, not a direct object.

December 10, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KoloniaKnabo

The accusative rules which apply to nations should not be any different than the rules which apply to other nouns and adjectives. If you need a refresher, see the following forum post: When to use the -n ending.

Do you remember a specific sentence that was confusing?

December 9, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BarboViro

(Copied this from my response to @carbsrule above) One I just encountered: "Multaj poloj loĝas en Usono."

December 10, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salivanto

"en Usono" is a prepositional phrase, not a direct object.

December 10, 2018
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