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  5. "I speak a language."

"I speak a language."

Translation:Hol vIjatlh.

December 13, 2018



IIUC, it's "vIjatlh" because there is an object (Hol), while if there is no object, e.g. "I speak", it's "jIjatlh"?


HIja'. bIlugh.
Yes. You are correct.


Are you asking why this sentence uses vI- instead of jI-?

Many languages only conjugate the verb based on the subject, English included. However, Klingon includes both the subject and the object in the prefix. jI- does not mean "I do something", it means "I do something, but not too anyone or anything specific" (first person singular subject, no object) - I don't speak anything in particular, I speak in general. But in this sentence there IS an object. The thing I am speaking is "a language". So I have to use the prefix that means "I do something to something or someone else" (first person singular subject, third person object): vI-.

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