TNs, U17: Conjunctions 1(Coordinating Conjunctions)
Conjunctions function by hooking up words, phrases, and clauses. This unit focuses on coordinating conjunctions, which link two or more similar elements in a sentence. For instance, et may be used to link two nouns together.
- Je mange une pomme et une orange. — I am eating an apple and an orange.
- Elle a un chien et un chat. — She has a dog and a cat.
It may also link two adjectives or even two clauses.
- La robe est grande et jolie. — The dress is big and pretty.
- Le chat est noir et le chien est blanc. — The cat is black and the dog is white.
For the most part, French coordinating conjunctions behave very similarly to their English counterparts.
|et||and||Elle a un chien et un chat. — She has a dog and a cat.|
|mais||but||Mais pas maintenant. — But not now.|
|ou||or||Oui ou non ? — Yes or no?|
|comme||as/like||Je suis comme ça. — I am like that.|
|donc||so/thus||Il est jeune, donc il est petit. — He is young, so he is small.|
|car||because||Je lis, car j'aime ce livre. — I read because I like this book.|
The conjunction car means "because", and it's usually reserved for writing. The subordinating conjunction parce que is preferred in speech; you'll learn this in "Conjunctions 2".
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