What are the different words for 'My' and why are they different?

I'm confused with the different words meaning 'My'. I've seen Мой - Моя - Мои and I don't know if there are others. Can somebody explain what the different uses for each of them are?

December 20, 2018


It changes depending on object gender.

My father = Мой отец (male)

My mother = Моя мать (female)

My childhood = Моё детство (neutral gender)

My parents = Мои родители (plural)

Non-living objects have their "genders" too, for animals - word gender often doesn't match their biological gender (for example, word "a bird" (птица) has female gender, event if half of birds are male, the other half are female)

December 20, 2018
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