TNs, U31: Occupations(Professions as Adjectives, Genders)
Remember that occupations can act as adjectives when used with être or devenir, so unlike in English, the French often drop the indefinite article (un, une, des) before an occupation.
- Je suis juge. — I am a judge.
- Elle va devenir avocate. — She is going to become a lawyer.
- Ses parents sont boulangers. — His/Her parents are bakers.
However, if any specification follows the occupation, then the indefinite article must be added.
- Tu es un juge respecté par tous. — You are a judge respected by all.
- Il veut devenir un professeur pour adultes. — He wants to become a teacher for adults.
Omitting the indefinite article is optional. However, if it's included in the third-person, then you must use c'est or ce sont.
- C'est un juge. — He's a judge.
- C’est une dentiste bien connue. — She is a well-known dentist.
- Ce sont des journalistes. — They are journalists.
Genders in Occupations
Some occupations have the same form in both masculine and feminine.
- un médecin — a doctor
- un/une juge — a judge
- un/une journaliste — a journalist
- un/une pédiatre — a pediatrician
- un/une dentiste — a dentist
- un/une secrétaire — a secretary
- un/une ingénieur — an engineer
- un professeur — a teacher
Some professions do not reflect the gender of the person at all and are invariable; un médecin, un professeur, and un maire, for instance, are all masculine regardless of the person doing the work.
Other occupations have a feminine form that's derived from the masculine:
|un policier||une policière||a police officer|
|un agriculteur||une agricultrice||a farmer|
|un avocat||une avocate||a lawyer|
|un enseignant||une enseignante||a teacher|
|un serveur||une serveuse||a server|
|un cuisinier||une cuisinière||a cook|
|un coiffeur||une coiffeuse||a hairdresser|
|un boulanger||une boulangère||a baker|
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