https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lynnich

Of course he beat me; Certo che mi ha sconfitto

Why do I need the "che" here? I am sure there is a simple explanation but I can't think of it! I wrote "Certo mi ha sconfitto" but I was wrong. Can someone explain why? Maybe I have had too much Christmas Pudding............Thanks in advance.

December 26, 2018

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mmseiple

Think of "certo" as working like the adjective "certain": (It is) certain that he beat me. If you had an adverb, on the other hand, like "certamente" (certainly), you wouldn't need "che."

December 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Giovanni0604

This is a perfect explanation. Have a few lingots.

December 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EMANUELA410769

Of course = senza dubbio --> Senza dubbio/certamente mi ha sconfitto. 'Certamente' is an adverb that cames from the adjectiv 'certo'. We can also say '(è) certo che mi ha sconfitto'

December 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CivisRomanus

Certo mi ha sconfitto should be accepted, although a comma would be needed after certo:

Certo, mi ha sconfitto.

As Mmseiple wrote, the construction with che is a more emphatic and elliptical (shortened) form of a longer sentence:

È certo che mi ha sconfitto. = It is certain that he/she beat me.

This construction is commonly used also with a number of other words, such as:

  • sicuro = sure
    (È) sicuro, (noi) verremo. = (It is) sure, we'll come.
    or
    È sicuro che (noi) verremo. = It is sure that we'll come.
    shortened down to
    Sicuro che (noi) verremo.

  • ovvio = obvious
    È ovvio, l'ingresso è gratis. = (It is) obvious, the admission is free.
    or
    È ovvio che l'ingresso è gratis. = It is obvious that the admission is free.
    shortened down to
    Ovvio che l'ingresso è gratis.

and a few more.

December 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lynnich

Thank you for your replies! very helpful

December 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mymirette

ii

February 17, 2019
Learn Italian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.