https://www.duolingo.com/Dessert-Rose

Some Basic Rules and Helps for Spanish Learners

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Hello everyone,

Here are some basic rules and links and stuff that might help Spanish-learners.


Check out these websites:


- NOTES ON SPANISH VERBS

There are four types or verbs in Spanish:

  1. The "-ar"
  2. The "-ir" (do not confuse with the verb "ir", which means to go).
  3. The "-er"
  4. and the irregulars, e.g. "-ser" (even though some consider it a -ER)

- CONJUGATING "SER" IN SPANISH

As ser is an irregular verb, it follows different rules from most other verbs. Here are the conjugations:

Yo = I
Tu = You (informal)
Usted = You (formal)
Ustedes = They (For 'they', it can be only masculine, only feminine, or a both)
El = He (Also used as the masculine article)
Ella = She (Also used as the feminine article)
Nosotros = We
Vosotros = You (plural - used only in Spain)
Ellos = They (Masculine only or mixture of masculine and feminine)
Ellas = They (Feminine only)

Also, you can use these without the pronoun, in some cases (not for son and es, as you will see*). Therefore, this ALSO works (both are correct):

Soy = I am
Rres = you are (informal)
Somos = we are
Sois = you all are (used in Spain only)

Sometimes, people just use es or son* without the pronoun. However, before doing so, make sure that the subject is already clear.


- Él, el, le, la, un, una

Link to the post

Él = he
Ella= she
El= the (masculine nouns)
La = the (feminine nouns)
Un = a/an (masculine nouns)
Una = a/an (feminine nouns)
Le is used for indirect objects.

I give book to him/to her = Yo le doy el libro.
- PRONOUNS


Yo = I
Tu = You (informal)
Usted = You (formal)
Ustedes = They (For 'they', it can be only masculine, only feminine, or a both)
El = He (Also used as the masculine article)
Ella = She (Also used as the feminine article)
Nosotros = We
Vosotros = You (plural - used only in Spain)
Ellos = They (Masculine only or mixture of masculine and feminine)
Ellas = They (Feminine only)

- "SOY" IN SPANISH

[Sentence: Yo soy una niña.]

Q. Do you really need the una after the soy?

A. No you don't. You can say Yo soy niña or Soy niña.

- Él, el, le, la, un, una

Link to the post

Él = he
Ella= she
El= the (masculine nouns)
La = the (feminine nouns)
Un = a/an (masculine nouns)
Una = a/an (feminine nouns)
Le is used for indirect objects.

I give book to him/to her = Yo le doy el libro.


Spanish Phrases

Please = Por favor
Thank you = Gracias
No = no
Yes =
Of course = Por supuesto
Don't = No lo hagas
Go ahead = Adelante
You are welcome = de nada
Definitely = seguro
Good job = buen trabajo
I will = voy a
Stop = Detener

TinyCards




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If you have anything more to share, PLEASE do so in the comments.

Also, someone recently asked for help with Spanish conjugations, so if you have anything to say there to help, please do. :)

Thank you!

AP4418

1 month ago

18 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/11_kasia
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You are always so helpful!!! Thanks you so much for all the info!

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jaye71
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Thank you for sharing all this :-)

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kipster007

was starting to do the tiny cards 70 verbs 2nd one was wrong cantar - to buy ... should be to sing. I stopped there

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Filiper2
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Yes, that is one problem with Tinycards. Tessbee told me this a long time ago.

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bridget-river

Some Tinycards have the Duolingo Owl on the deck. I assumed they were made by Duolingo. Am I wrong?

Some decks seem to be made by beginning learners and seem incomplete or clunky.

The verb deck with "to buy" incorrect doesn't have the Duo Owl.

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SylviaElia2

Thanks for all those great resources! I love tinycards, but I didn't know there were those various sets for verbs. That's my big goal, conjugating correctly, within sentences, in 10 of the 14 tenses. Practice is the key... as always! Thanks for sharing all this.

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Whiskkebarr

Gracias amigo

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Chilotin
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All verbs in Spanish end in -ar, -er, -ir with no exception. It is just that most of them are regular (they don't change their stems) and some are irregular. "Comer" is an -er verb (we call them "of the second conjugation") that it is regular, "tener" is a irregular -er verb.

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CrystalViolet01

thanks

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Danishguy
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Muy gracias! Very helpful.

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MemeMcQueen116

quisiste decir "muchas gracias"?

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Giovanni-10
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Nice work!

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Amy-Cookie

Gracias! :D

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dessert-Rose
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By the way, what's the difference between Siempre te esperamos and De nada?

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/maykollizardo

I'm native Spanish speaker, and "siempre te esperamos" isn't used for "you're welcome".

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Teresa194636

is or "isn't" used??

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dessert-Rose
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Alright, thank you Maykol! :)

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/maykollizardo

You're welcome Dessert-Rose!

1 month ago
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