"This is not taro."
Translation:ʻAʻole kēia he kalo.
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Notice that in most equivalence sentences, you can put the nouns in either order, but the sentence needs to be introduced by one of the particles that indicates an equivalence sentence:
'O ko'u makua kāne ke kumu. ("My father is the teacher.")
'O ke kumu ko'u makua kāne. ("The teacher is my father.")
"He" can also indicate an equivalence sentence and so in positive sentences it seems that it might be most common to put the "he" term first:
He kalo kēia. ("This is a taro.")
However, I believe it might be possible to use 'O instead and put the "he" term second:
'O kēia he kalo. ("A kalo is this.")
As indicated by the English translation I gave, I believe this order is technically correct, but is just an odd order to put it in. But I'm not completely sure that it is as odd in Hawaiian as it is in English, so hopefully someone more advanced than me will be able to come along and give a more definite answer.
I admit that I'm not really sure how the negative "'a'ole" effects this. In some sentences, it does effect the order of the words. Maybe it does not sound good in front of "he" so this reversed order of the two terms is preferred with "'a'ole". Or maybe it is just that with "'a'ole" there is not such a strong preference and by pure chance, you found a sentence where they put the "he" term second. Again, I hope a more advanced speaker can clarify this for us.
Here it's the idea of "not" so the negation comes first, and the "what is" comes after the negation in typical style. [This not] [be taro]. So in a sense, the "he" is at the beginning - the beginning of the "be/is" statement. But negation gets tacked onnto the front of the sentence. Does that work as an explanation?
Mahalo! After some intense thought (LOL), your comment makes perfect sense. "taro/kalo" is NOT the subject; rather, "This/kēia" is the subject. It is a demonstrative pronoun. So "kēia" (subject) must come directly after " 'a'ole" (the negation "not"), according to your explanation of the correct answer. 'A'ole (negation) kēia (subject) he (verb) kalo (object). Now if I can only remember this...
"This" is a more specific indicator than "a" or "the." There's an implied direction of attention. So the negation addresses the kēia "up front" and "le kalo" clarifies what kēia is referencing. When it's not a negation, the kēia can often, but not always, go at either end of the sentence. Does that help?
It seems to work for my phone (android).
For ‘okina, hold down the apostrophe key and after a second or so there should be an expansion of similar characters. Select the one that curves to the right.
For kahakō, hold down the corresponsing letter until an expansion appears. Select the ā, ē, ī, ō or ū.
Alternatively there is a hawaiian keyboard that can be downloaded from the play store :)
The simplest answer is that it seems each noun can only have one determiner. You have to choose either "he" or "ke" and I don't think you cannot use both on the same noun.
If the English says "a" then pick the Hawaiian determiner "he". If the English says "the", then use the Hawaiian determiner "ka/ke". When the English has no article, I'm not always clear, myself, on how to choose a determiner for the Hawaiian - I think most times either is accepted, but I'm not sure
There does seem to be at least one exception to the "one determiner" rule. When you are doing an equivalences sentence ("this is that") and neither noun has the "he" determiner, then you have to put 'O before the first determiner.
A Host is someone who hosts Duolingo Events for people to participate in. I don't think you can find the events page in the app, but check out events.duolingo.com. I think Hosts normally get a green ring, but I'm not sure. They are usually a host for one particular language and it may not be the one for which they are posting in the forums.
Moderator means that they have responsibility for keeping some particular forums clear of clutter. I believe there are two types of host. One type is limited to just one or just a few forums and their ring is normally green. The other has moderator powers across the forums and they usually get gold rings. Again Moderators might also post in forums where they have no responsibilities or powers.
A Trailblazer is a special recognition from Duolingo staff that the person has been a big help on Duolingo. Staff can give them out for any reason, but I believe they normally don't give them out very often. Recently Duolingo ended its volunteer contributor program and I think they gave Trailblazer status to most of the former contributors. I think most of the Trailblazers you see will be former contributors. Contributors had two levels with green and gold rings like the Moderators and I think Trailblazers have kept the color of the ring.
WOW! Mahalo for all the intel! I love Duo but it is definitely a black box! I will keep this description for future reference (and seek out "events"!). Pls reply if you have any idea what those little bouncing yellow arrows are on the leaderboards - that seems to have everyone in that forum stymied!! ;) ).
Again Mahalo Nui Loa!! (And ho'omaika'i (congrats??) on being a Trailblazer!)