~er verbs - FOUR important spelling rules

Links: Verbs ~er group , learning loom

Now you can walk - by learning the standard pattern of ~er verbs ( and if you still need to revise them : go to Verbs ~er group ), so for now it is time to learn to DANCE ....

As well as the standard pattern for ~er verbs, there are only 4 important spelling rules that are needed to conquer spelling ~er verbs in the present tense. And by learning these rules, they can also assist your pronunciation - as they relate to how words are pronounced AND how they are pronounced relates to how they are spelled. (i.e. it helps you SAY things, and SPELL things correctly.) Additionally, learning these rules can be of benefit in spelling and pronunciation of other types of french words.

1. ~ger and ~cer ; where spelling changes reflect the retaining of soft consonant sounds.
-for ~cer, <click here >
-for ~ger, <click here >

2. *~yer * ; where you can change the " y " to an " i " before a silent / mute " e ". To find out more about ~yer < Click here >

3. ~e. +consonant+ -er ...and... +consonant+ -er ...< Click here >

Due to the french spelling wars, many of these verbs have two different ways of spelling that are still acceptable - the traditional way, and the reformed way. Just be aware - some do accept 2 different ways, and some don't. There is no clear pattern I can notice or have been told about. That is why I like the spelling reforms - it is something I can rely on :)

4. appeler and jeter are a very small group, and the verbs that are created from them. These two verb groups were excluded from the spelling reforms, and form a spelling pattern similar to violet / violette where the last consonant is doubled after an e.

Also a good reference is

May 16, 2014


Please let me know if I have got any of the above wrong.

NB - I am still learning french. And this is me sorting out my learning. I have found that all the MANY books I use, and also up on the internet - none of them have put verbs together in quite this way. And to come to this - I have created massive spread sheets - full of all sorts of verbs - with all sorts of relevant information to me. Which if any one wants - I am happy to share. I have found a lot of information is conflicting. A lot just half explains things - often just mentioning about 'c' and 'g', at most, and this is not sufficient. Most references talk about the three major groups of verbs - but few clearly define them. The vast majority of sources call these 'exceptions' or 'irregular' verbs. Which they are not. They are rules - and describe/prescribe how things are said/written. This is my efforts to clearly define these three groups, and try to understand them. And then for me to use this as a reference for myself. And hoping that it might also be of use to others. Also to act as a living book - with as much sound in it as possible - so that I get to hear the correct words, and hopefully improve my ability to also say them. To act as a living book, and also to create a learning loom - that you can hop about between topics.

(and ps. I will sometimes modify important posts - to correct spelling as well as mistakes, improve formatting, try to make wording more clear and correct, and improve the journey - as I see it. This is as my goal is to improve the world - and help communications, but I will always keep intact the honor I hold to people who help my learning journey. NB importantly so far - PERCE_NEIGE ! He has been of INVALUABLE assistance in this part of my learning journey in this forum and in relation to this topic.)

May 16, 2014

Thank you lindakanga, your work is very useful to us french learners and your efforts are much appreciated!

May 16, 2014

Thank you for warming my heart <3. Sometimes it is a bit cold and scarred - and it so appreciates a bit of encouragement :)

May 16, 2014

PS I also have a dream of relating the earlier parts of the duolingo learning journey back into relevant posts, and to also create a 'web', a through a 'loom' of connections to all the fantastic clear information others have posted in duolingo. :o ....

May 16, 2014
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